3HS6

X-ray crystal structure of eicosapentaenoic acid bound to the cyclooxygenase channel of cyclooxygenase-2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis of fatty acid substrate binding to cyclooxygenase-2.

Vecchio, A.J.Simmons, D.M.Malkowski, M.G.

(2010) J.Biol.Chem. 285: 22152-22163

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.119867
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  3HS5, 3HS7, 3KRK

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2) are membrane-associated heme-containing homodimers that generate prostaglandin H(2) from arachidonic acid (AA). Although AA is the preferred substrate, other fatty acids are oxygenated by these enzymes with varyi ...

    The cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2) are membrane-associated heme-containing homodimers that generate prostaglandin H(2) from arachidonic acid (AA). Although AA is the preferred substrate, other fatty acids are oxygenated by these enzymes with varying efficiencies. We determined the crystal structures of AA, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) bound to Co(3+)-protoporphyrin IX-reconstituted murine COX-2 to 2.1, 2.4, and 2.65 A, respectively. AA, EPA, and docosahexaenoic acid bind in different conformations in each monomer constituting the homodimer in their respective structures such that one monomer exhibits nonproductive binding and the other productive binding of the substrate in the cyclooxygenase channel. The interactions identified between protein and substrate when bound to COX-1 are conserved in our COX-2 structures, with the only notable difference being the lack of interaction of the carboxylate of AA and EPA with the side chain of Arg-120. Leu-531 exhibits a different side chain conformation when the nonproductive and productive binding modes of AA are compared. Unlike COX-1, mutating this residue to Ala, Phe, Pro, or Thr did not result in a significant loss of activity or substrate binding affinity. Determination of the L531F:AA crystal structure resulted in AA binding in the same global conformation in each monomer. We speculate that the mobility of the Leu-531 side chain increases the volume available at the opening of the cyclooxygenase channel and contributes to the observed ability of COX-2 to oxygenate a broad spectrum of fatty acid and fatty ester substrates.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute, Buffalo, New York 14203, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2
A, B
591Mus musculusGene Names: Ptgs2 (Cox-2, Cox2, Pghs-b, Tis10)
EC: 1.14.99.1
Find proteins for Q05769 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q05769
Small Molecules
Ligands 8 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MAN
Query on MAN

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A
ALPHA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-PQMKYFCFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
COH
Query on COH

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A, B
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING CO
C34 H32 Co N4 O4
AQTFKGDWFRRIHR-CTESUSPADG
 Ligand Interaction
AKR
Query on AKR

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A, B
ACRYLIC ACID
C3 H4 O2
NIXOWILDQLNWCW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

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A, B
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EPA
Query on EPA

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Download CCD File 
A, B
5,8,11,14,17-EICOSAPENTAENOIC ACID
C20 H30 O2
JAZBEHYOTPTENJ-JLNKQSITSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NDG
Query on NDG

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B
2-(ACETYLAMINO)-2-DEOXY-A-D-GLUCOPYRANOSE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-PVFLNQBWSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

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A, B
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BOG
Query on BOG

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A, B
B-OCTYLGLUCOSIDE
C14 H28 O6
HEGSGKPQLMEBJL-RKQHYHRCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
EPAIC50: 7100 nM (86) BINDINGDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 121.851α = 90.00
b = 132.336β = 90.00
c = 180.290γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
Adxvdata processing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-05-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-01
    Type: Refinement description