3HR0

Crystal structure of Homo sapiens Conserved Oligomeric Golgi subunit 4


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.196 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for a human glycosylation disorder caused by mutation of the COG4 gene.

Richardson, B.C.Smith, R.D.Ungar, D.Nakamura, A.Jeffrey, P.D.Lupashin, V.V.Hughson, F.M.

(2009) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106: 13329-13334

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0901966106
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3HR0

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The proper glycosylation of proteins trafficking through the Golgi apparatus depends upon the conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex. Defects in COG can cause fatal congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs) in humans. The recent discovery of a form of CDG, caused in part by a COG4 missense mutation changing Arg 729 to Trp, prompted us to determine the 1 ...

    The proper glycosylation of proteins trafficking through the Golgi apparatus depends upon the conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex. Defects in COG can cause fatal congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs) in humans. The recent discovery of a form of CDG, caused in part by a COG4 missense mutation changing Arg 729 to Trp, prompted us to determine the 1.9 A crystal structure of a Cog4 C-terminal fragment. Arg 729 is found to occupy a key position at the center of a salt bridge network, thereby stabilizing Cog4's small C-terminal domain. Studies in HeLa cells reveal that this C-terminal domain, while not needed for the incorporation of Cog4 into COG complexes, is essential for the proper glycosylation of cell surface proteins. We also find that Cog4 bears a strong structural resemblance to exocyst and Dsl1p complex subunits. These complexes and others have been proposed to function by mediating the initial tethering between transport vesicles and their membrane targets; the emerging structural similarities provide strong evidence of a common evolutionary origin and may reflect shared mechanisms of action.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
CoG4A, B263Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: COG4
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q9H9E3 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9H9E3 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9H9E3
PHAROS:  Q9H9E3
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ9H9E3
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.196 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 87.114α = 90
b = 87.114β = 90
c = 214.773γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
CBASSdata collection
HKL-2000data scaling
SHELXSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-07-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-01
    Changes: Refinement description