3HKJ

Crystal structure of human thrombin mutant W215A/E217A in complex with the extracellular fragment of human PAR1


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.196 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Mechanism of the Anticoagulant Activity of Thrombin Mutant W215A/E217A.

Gandhi, P.S.Page, M.J.Chen, Z.Bush-Pelc, L.Di Cera, E.

(2009) J Biol Chem 284: 24098-24105

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.025403
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3HK3, 3HKI, 3HKJ, 3HK6

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The thrombin mutant W215A/E217A (WE) is a potent anticoagulant both in vitro and in vivo. Previous x-ray structural studies have shown that WE assumes a partially collapsed conformation that is similar to the inactive E* form, which explains its dras ...

    The thrombin mutant W215A/E217A (WE) is a potent anticoagulant both in vitro and in vivo. Previous x-ray structural studies have shown that WE assumes a partially collapsed conformation that is similar to the inactive E* form, which explains its drastically reduced activity toward substrate. Whether this collapsed conformation is genuine, rather than the result of crystal packing or the mutation introduced in the critical 215-217 beta-strand, and whether binding of thrombomodulin to exosite I can allosterically shift the E* form to the active E form to restore activity toward protein C are issues of considerable mechanistic importance to improve the design of an anticoagulant thrombin mutant for therapeutic applications. Here we present four crystal structures of WE in the human and murine forms that confirm the collapsed conformation reported previously under different experimental conditions and crystal packing. We also present structures of human and murine WE bound to exosite I with a fragment of the platelet receptor PAR1, which is unable to shift WE to the E form. These structural findings, along with kinetic and calorimetry data, indicate that WE is strongly stabilized in the E* form and explain why binding of ligands to exosite I has only a modest effect on the E*-E equilibrium for this mutant. The E* --> E transition requires the combined binding of thrombomodulin and protein C and restores activity of the mutant WE in the anticoagulant pathway.


    Related Citations: 
    • The anticoagulant thrombin mutant W215A/E217A has a collapsed primary specificity pocket.
      Pineda, A.O., Chen, Z.W., Caccia, S., Cantwell, A.M., Savvides, S.N., Waksman, G., Mathews, F.S., Di Cera, E.
      (2004) J Biol Chem 279: 39824

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thrombin light chainAD31Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P00734
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thrombin heavy chainBE259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P00734
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Proteinase-activated receptor 1CF21Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2RCF2RPAR1TR
Find proteins for P25116 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P25116 
Go to UniProtKB:  P25116
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P25116
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download CCD File 
B, E
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.196 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 53.14α = 98.78
b = 61.783β = 110.28
c = 67.834γ = 92.95
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
MOLREPphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-07-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary