3HJZ

The structure of an aldolase from Prochlorococcus marinus


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.203 
  • R-Value Work: 0.156 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.158 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Phage auxiliary metabolic genes and the redirection of cyanobacterial host carbon metabolism.

Thompson, L.R.Zeng, Q.Kelly, L.Huang, K.H.Singer, A.U.Stubbe, J.Chisholm, S.W.

(2011) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108: E757-E764

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1102164108
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3HJZ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cyanophages infecting the marine cyanobacteria Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus encode and express genes for the photosynthetic light reactions. Sequenced cyanophage genomes lack Calvin cycle genes, however, suggesting that photosynthetic energy harvested via phage proteins is not used for carbon fixation ...

    Cyanophages infecting the marine cyanobacteria Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus encode and express genes for the photosynthetic light reactions. Sequenced cyanophage genomes lack Calvin cycle genes, however, suggesting that photosynthetic energy harvested via phage proteins is not used for carbon fixation. We report here that cyanophages carry and express a Calvin cycle inhibitor, CP12, whose host homologue directs carbon flux from the Calvin cycle to the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP). Phage CP12 was coexpressed with phage genes involved in the light reactions, deoxynucleotide biosynthesis, and the PPP, including a transaldolase gene that is the most prevalent PPP gene in cyanophages. Phage transaldolase was purified to homogeneity from several strains and shown to be functional in vitro, suggesting that it might facilitate increased flux through this key reaction in the host PPP, augmenting production of NADPH and ribose 5-phosphate. Kinetic measurements of phage and host transaldolases revealed that the phage enzymes have k(cat)/K(m) values only approximately one third of the corresponding host enzymes. The lower efficiency of phage transaldolase may be a tradeoff for other selective advantages such as reduced gene size: we show that more than half of host-like cyanophage genes are significantly shorter than their host homologues. Consistent with decreased Calvin cycle activity and increased PPP and light reaction activity under infection, the host NADPH/NADP ratio increased two-fold in infected cells. We propose that phage-augmented NADPH production fuels deoxynucleotide biosynthesis for phage replication, and that the selection pressures molding phage genomes involve fitness advantages conferred through mobilization of host energy stores.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Transaldolase BA334Prochlorococcus marinus str. MIT 9312Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PMT9312_0519talTransaldose B
EC: 2.2.1.2
UniProt
Find proteins for Q31C15 (Prochlorococcus marinus (strain MIT 9312))
Explore Q31C15 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q31C15
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ31C15
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PEG
Query on PEG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
R [auth A]DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
C4 H10 O3
MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
Q [auth A]SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A],
C [auth A],
D [auth A],
E [auth A],
F [auth A],
B [auth A],
C [auth A],
D [auth A],
E [auth A],
F [auth A],
G [auth A]
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
L [auth A],
M [auth A],
N [auth A]
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
H [auth A],
I [auth A],
J [auth A],
K [auth A],
O [auth A],
H [auth A],
I [auth A],
J [auth A],
K [auth A],
O [auth A],
P [auth A]
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.203 
  • R-Value Work: 0.156 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.158 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 42.755α = 90
b = 80.376β = 90
c = 97.866γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CrystalCleardata collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-06-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-08-24
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2012-05-23
    Changes: Database references