3HAE

Rational development of high-affinity T-cell receptor-like antibodies


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.283 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.205 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Rational development of high-affinity T-cell receptor-like antibodies

Stewart-Jones, G.Wadle, A.Hombach, A.Shenderov, E.Held, G.Fischer, E.Kleber, S.Stenner-Liewen, F.Bauer, S.McMichael, A.Knuth, A.Abken, H.Hombach, A.A.Cerundolo, V.Jones, E.Y.Renner, C.

(2009) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106: 5784-5788

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0901425106
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3HAE, 3GJF, 3GJE

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • T-cell interaction with a target cell is a key event in the adaptive immune response and primarily driven by T-cell receptor (TCR) recognition of peptide-MHC (pMHC) complexes. TCR avidity for a given pMHC is determined by number of MHC molecules, ava ...

    T-cell interaction with a target cell is a key event in the adaptive immune response and primarily driven by T-cell receptor (TCR) recognition of peptide-MHC (pMHC) complexes. TCR avidity for a given pMHC is determined by number of MHC molecules, availability of coreceptors, and TCR affinity for MHC or peptide, respectively, with peptide recognition being the most important factor to confer target specificity. Here we present high-resolution crystal structures of 2 Fab antibodies in complex with the immunodominant NY-ESO-1(157-165) peptide analogue (SLLMWITQV) presented by HLA-A*0201 and compare them with a TCR recognizing the same pMHC. Binding to the central methionine-tryptophan peptide motif and orientation of binding were almost identical for Fabs and TCR. As the MW "peg" dominates the contacts between Fab and peptide, we estimated the contributions of individual amino acids between the Fab and peptide to provide the rational basis for a peptide-focused second-generation, high-affinity antibody library. The final Fab candidate achieved better peptide binding by 2 light-chain mutations, giving a 20-fold affinity improvement to 2-4 nM, exceeding the affinity of the TCR by 1,000-fold. The high-affinity Fab when grafted as recombinant TCR on T cells conferred specific killing of HLA-A*0201/NY-ESO-1(157-165) target cells. In summary, we prove that affinity maturation of antibodies mimicking a TCR is possible and provide a strategy for engineering high-affinity antibodies that can be used in targeting specific pMHC complexes for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7BN, United Kingdom.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HLA class I histocompatibility antigen, A-2 alpha chainADJP276Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HLA-AHLAA
Find proteins for P04439 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P04439 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04439
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P04439
Protein Feature View
Expand
 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Beta-2-microglobulinBEKQ100Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: B2MCDABP0092HDCMA22P
Find proteins for P61769 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P61769 
Go to UniProtKB:  P61769
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P61769
Protein Feature View
Expand
 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
NYESO-1 peptideCFMR9N/AMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P78358 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P78358 
Go to UniProtKB:  P78358
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P78358
Protein Feature View
Expand
 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Antibody light chainGLNS212Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
Expand
 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Antibody heavy chainHIOT220Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
Expand
 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.283 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.205 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 70.794α = 90
b = 105.596β = 92.26
c = 256.451γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-05-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance