3H8V

Human Ubiquitin-activating Enzyme 5 in Complex with ATP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.193 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of the human ubiquitin-activating enzyme 5 (UBA5) bound to ATP: mechanistic insights into a minimalistic E1 enzyme.

Bacik, J.P.Walker, J.R.Ali, M.Schimmer, A.D.Dhe-Paganon, S.

(2010) J Biol Chem 285: 20273-20280

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.102921
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3H8V

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • E1 ubiquitin-activating enzymes (UBAs) are large multidomain proteins that catalyze formation of a thioester bond between the terminal carboxylate of a ubiquitin or ubiquitin-like modifier (UBL) and a conserved cysteine in an E2 protein, producing reactive ubiquityl units for subsequent ligation to substrate lysines ...

    E1 ubiquitin-activating enzymes (UBAs) are large multidomain proteins that catalyze formation of a thioester bond between the terminal carboxylate of a ubiquitin or ubiquitin-like modifier (UBL) and a conserved cysteine in an E2 protein, producing reactive ubiquityl units for subsequent ligation to substrate lysines. Two important E1 reaction intermediates have been identified: a ubiquityl-adenylate phosphoester and a ubiquityl-enzyme thioester. However, the mechanism of thioester bond formation and its subsequent transfer to an E2 enzyme remains poorly understood. We have determined the crystal structure of the human UFM1 (ubiquitin-fold modifier 1) E1-activating enzyme UBA5, bound to ATP, revealing a structure that shares similarities with both large canonical E1 enzymes and smaller ancestral E1-like enzymes. In contrast to other E1 active site cysteines, which are in a variably sized domain that is separate and flexible relative to the adenylation domain, the catalytic cysteine of UBA5 (Cys(250)) is part of the adenylation domain in an alpha-helical motif. The novel position of the UBA5 catalytic cysteine and conformational changes associated with ATP binding provides insight into the possible mechanisms through which the ubiquityl-enzyme thioester is formed. These studies reveal structural features that further our understanding of the UBA5 enzyme reaction mechanism and provide insight into the evolution of ubiquitin activation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Ubiquitin-like modifier-activating enzyme 5A, B292Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: UBA5UBE1DC1
EC: 2.7.7
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q9GZZ9 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9GZZ9 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9GZZ9
PHAROS:  Q9GZZ9
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ATP (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on ATP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]ADENOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
ZKHQWZAMYRWXGA-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], E [auth B]ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.193 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 77.999α = 90
b = 77.999β = 90
c = 207.005γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-05-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2014-11-12
    Changes: Structure summary