3GZM

Crystal Structure of holo PfACP Reduced Monomer


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.276 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Plasmodium falciparum acyl carrier protein crystal structures in disulfide-linked and reduced states and their prevalence during blood stage growth.

Gallagher, J.R.Prigge, S.T.

(2010) Proteins 78: 575-588

  • DOI: 10.1002/prot.22582
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Acyl Carrier Protein (ACP) has a single reactive sulfhydryl necessary for function in covalently binding nascent fatty acids during biosynthesis. In Plasmodium falciparum, the causative agent of the most lethal form of malaria, fatty acid biosynthesi ...

    Acyl Carrier Protein (ACP) has a single reactive sulfhydryl necessary for function in covalently binding nascent fatty acids during biosynthesis. In Plasmodium falciparum, the causative agent of the most lethal form of malaria, fatty acid biosynthesis occurs in the apicoplast organelle during the liver stage of the parasite life cycle. During the blood stage, fatty acid biosynthesis is inactive and the redox state of the apicoplast has not been determined. We solved the crystal structure of ACP from P. falciparum in reduced and disulfide-linked forms, and observe the surprising result that the disulfide in the PfACP cross-linked dimer is sequestered from bulk solvent in a tight molecular interface. We assessed solvent accessibility of the disulfide with small molecule reducing agents and found that the disulfide is protected from BME but less so for other common reducing agents. We examined cultured P. falciparum parasites to determine which form of PfACP is prevalent during the blood stages. We readily detected monomeric PfACP in parasite lysate, but do not observe the disulfide-linked form, even under conditions of oxidative stress. To demonstrate that PfACP contains a free sulfhydryl and is not acylated or in the apo state, we treated blood stage parasites with the disulfide forming reagent diamide. We found that the effects of diamide are reversed with reducing agent. Together, these results suggest that the apicoplast is a reducing compartment, as suggested by models of P. falciparum metabolism, and that PfACP is maintained in a reduced state during blood stage growth.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Acyl carrier protein
A, B
81Plasmodium falciparumMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ACPacpP
Find proteins for O77077 (Plasmodium falciparum)
Go to UniProtKB:  O77077
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PNS
Query on PNS

Download CCD File 
A, B
4'-PHOSPHOPANTETHEINE
C11 H23 N2 O7 P S
JDMUPRLRUUMCTL-VIFPVBQESA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MLI
Query on MLI

Download CCD File 
A, B
MALONATE ION
C3 H2 O4
OFOBLEOULBTSOW-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
BME
Query on BME

Download CCD File 
A
BETA-MERCAPTOETHANOL
C2 H6 O S
DGVVWUTYPXICAM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.276 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 54.177α = 90
b = 54.177β = 90
c = 101.629γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PROTEUM PLUSdata collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
SAINTdata reduction
PROTEUM PLUSdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-04-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance