Crystal structure of macro domain of Chikungunya virus in complex with ADP-ribose

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.171 

Starting Model: experimental
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The crystal structures of Chikungunya and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus nsP3 macro domains define a conserved adenosine binding pocket

Malet, H.Coutard, B.Jamal, S.Dutartre, H.Papageorgiou, N.Neuvonen, M.Ahola, T.Forrester, N.Gould, E.A.Lafitte, D.Ferron, F.Lescar, J.Gorbalenya, A.E.de Lamballerie, X.Canard, B.

(2009) J Virol 83: 6534-6545

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00189-09
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3GPG, 3GPO, 3GPQ, 3GQE, 3GQO

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Macro domains (also called "X domains") constitute a protein module family present in all kingdoms of life, including viruses of the Coronaviridae and Togaviridae families. Crystal structures of the macro domain from the Chikungunya virus (an "Old World" alphavirus) and the Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (a "New World" alphavirus) were determined at resolutions of 1.65 and 2.30 A, respectively. These domains are active as adenosine di-phosphoribose 1''-phosphate phosphatases. Both the Chikungunya and the Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus macro domains are ADP-ribose binding modules, as revealed by structural and functional analysis. A single aspartic acid conserved through all macro domains is responsible for the specific binding of the adenine base. Sequence-unspecific binding to long, negatively charged polymers such as poly(ADP-ribose), DNA, and RNA is observed and attributed to positively charged patches outside of the active site pocket, as judged by mutagenesis and binding studies. The crystal structure of the Chikungunya virus macro domain with an RNA trimer shows a binding mode utilizing the same adenine-binding pocket as ADP-ribose, but avoiding the ADP-ribose 1''-phosphate phosphatase active site. This leaves the AMP binding site as the sole common feature in all macro domains.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Architecture et Fonction des Macromolécules Biologiques, CNRS and Universités d'Aix-Marseille I et II, UMR 6098, ESIL Case 925, 13288 Marseille, France.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Non-structural protein 3
A, B, C, D
168Chikungunya virus strain S27-African prototypeMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: nsP3
Find proteins for Q8JUX6 (Chikungunya virus (strain S27-African prototype))
Explore Q8JUX6 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8JUX6
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ8JUX6
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChains TypeFormula2D DiagramParent
Query on MSE
A, B, C, D
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
APR PDBBind:  3GPO Kd: 5000 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.171 
  • Space Group: P 31
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 87.957α = 90
b = 87.957β = 90
c = 84.175γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
ADSCdata collection

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-07-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2023-09-06
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Refinement description
  • Version 1.3: 2023-11-22
    Changes: Data collection