3F8K

Crystal structure of protein acetyltransferase (PAT) from Sulfolobus solfataricus


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.84 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.221 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure and Biochemical Characterization of Protein Acetyltransferase from Sulfolobus solfataricus.

Brent, M.M.Iwata, A.Carten, J.Zhao, K.Marmorstein, R.

(2009) J.Biol.Chem. 284: 19412-19419

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.014951

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The Sulfolobus solfataricus protein acetyltransferase (PAT) acetylates ALBA, an abundant nonspecific DNA-binding protein, on Lys(16) to reduce its DNA affinity, and the Sir2 deacetylase reverses the modification to cause transcriptional repression. T ...

    The Sulfolobus solfataricus protein acetyltransferase (PAT) acetylates ALBA, an abundant nonspecific DNA-binding protein, on Lys(16) to reduce its DNA affinity, and the Sir2 deacetylase reverses the modification to cause transcriptional repression. This represents a "primitive" model for chromatin regulation analogous to histone modification in eukaryotes. We report the 1.84-A crystal structure of PAT in complex with coenzyme A. The structure reveals homology to both prokaryotic GNAT acetyltransferases and eukaryotic histone acetyltransferases (HATs), with an additional "bent helix" proximal to the substrate binding site that might play an autoregulatory function. Investigation of active site mutants suggests that PAT does not use a single general base or acid residue for substrate deprotonation and product reprotonation, respectively, and that a diffusional step, such as substrate binding, may be rate-limiting. The catalytic efficiency of PAT toward ALBA is low relative to other acetyltransferases, suggesting that there may be better, unidentified substrates for PAT. The structural similarity of PAT to eukaryotic HATs combined with its conserved role in chromatin regulation suggests that PAT is evolutionarily related to the eukaryotic HATs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Wistar Institute, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Protein acetyltransferase
A
160Saccharolobus solfataricus (strain ATCC 35092 / DSM 1617 / JCM 11322 / P2)Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q97V23 (Saccharolobus solfataricus (strain ATCC 35092 / DSM 1617 / JCM 11322 / P2))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q97V23
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
COA
Query on COA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
COENZYME A
C21 H36 N7 O16 P3 S
RGJOEKWQDUBAIZ-IBOSZNHHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.84 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.221 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 44.701α = 90.00
b = 46.750β = 90.00
c = 68.624γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
CNSrefinement
SOLVEphasing
HKL-2000data scaling
MAR345data collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2008-11-12 
  • Released Date: 2009-05-26 
  • Deposition Author(s): Brent, M.M.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-05-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-01
    Type: Refinement description