3E9K

Crystal structure of Homo sapiens kynureninase-3-hydroxyhippuric acid inhibitor complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.191 
  • R-Value Work: 0.153 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.155 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of the Homo sapiens kynureninase-3-hydroxyhippuric acid inhibitor complex: insights into the molecular basis of kynureninase substrate specificity.

Lima, S.Kumar, S.Gawandi, V.Momany, C.Phillips, R.S.

(2009) J Med Chem 52: 389-396

  • DOI: 10.1021/jm8010806
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3E9K

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Homo sapiens kynureninase is a pyridoxal-5'-phosphate dependent enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolytic cleavage of 3-hydroxykynurenine to yield 3-hydroxyanthranilate and L-alanine as part of the tryptophan catabolic pathway leading to the de novo biosynthesis of NAD(+) ...

    Homo sapiens kynureninase is a pyridoxal-5'-phosphate dependent enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolytic cleavage of 3-hydroxykynurenine to yield 3-hydroxyanthranilate and L-alanine as part of the tryptophan catabolic pathway leading to the de novo biosynthesis of NAD(+). This pathway results in quinolinate, an excitotoxin that is an NMDA receptor agonist. High levels of quinolinate have been correlated with the etiology of neurodegenerative disorders such as AIDS-related dementia and Alzheimer's disease. We have synthesized a novel kynureninase inhibitor, 3-hydroxyhippurate, cocrystallized it with human kynureninase, and solved the atomic structure. On the basis of an analysis of the complex, we designed a series of His-102, Ser-332, and Asn-333 mutants. The H102W/N333T and H102W/S332G/N333T mutants showed complete reversal of substrate specificity between 3-hydroxykynurenine and L-kynurenine, thus defining the primary residues contributing to substrate specificity in kynureninases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
KynureninaseA465Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: KYNU
EC: 3.7.1.3
Find proteins for Q16719 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q16719 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q16719
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q16719
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PLP
Query on PLP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]PYRIDOXAL-5'-PHOSPHATE
C8 H10 N O6 P
NGVDGCNFYWLIFO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
3XH
Query on 3XH

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]3-Hydroxyhippuric acid
C9 H9 N O4
XDOFWFNMYJRHEW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CSX
Query on CSX
AL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H7 N O3 SCYS
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
3XHKi:  60000   nM  Binding MOAD
3XHKi:  60000   nM  BindingDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.191 
  • R-Value Work: 0.153 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.155 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 74.444α = 90
b = 77.124β = 109.35
c = 94.558γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-3000data collection
HKL-3000data reduction
HKL-3000data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2008-12-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance