3DBG

Crystal structure of Cytochrome P450 170A1 (CYP170A1) from Streptomyces coelicolor


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.230 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of albaflavenone monooxygenase containing a moonlighting terpene synthase active site

Zhao, B.Lei, L.Vassylyev, D.G.Lin, X.Cane, D.E.Kelly, S.L.Yuan, H.Lamb, D.C.Waterman, M.R.

(2009) J Biol Chem 284: 36711-36719

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.064683
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3DBG, 3EL3

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Albaflavenone synthase (CYP170A1) is a monooxygenase catalyzing the final two steps in the biosynthesis of this antibiotic in the soil bacterium, Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2). Interestingly, CYP170A1 shows no stereo selection forming equal amounts o ...

    Albaflavenone synthase (CYP170A1) is a monooxygenase catalyzing the final two steps in the biosynthesis of this antibiotic in the soil bacterium, Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2). Interestingly, CYP170A1 shows no stereo selection forming equal amounts of two albaflavenol epimers, each of which is oxidized in turn to albaflavenone. To explore the structural basis of the reaction mechanism, we have studied the crystal structures of both ligand-free CYP170A1 (2.6 A) and complex of endogenous substrate (epi-isozizaene) with CYP170A1 (3.3 A). The structure of the complex suggests that the proximal epi-isozizaene molecules may bind to the heme iron in two orientations. In addition, much to our surprise, we have found that albaflavenone synthase also has a second, completely distinct catalytic activity corresponding to the synthesis of farnesene isomers from farnesyl diphosphate. Within the cytochrome P450 alpha-helical domain both the primary sequence and x-ray structure indicate the presence of a novel terpene synthase active site that is moonlighting on the P450 structure. This includes signature sequences for divalent cation binding and an alpha-helical barrel. This barrel is unusual because it consists of only four helices rather than six found in all other terpene synthases. Mutagenesis establishes that this barrel is essential for the terpene synthase activity of CYP170A1 but not for the monooxygenase activity. This is the first bifunctional P450 discovered to have another active site moonlighting on it and the first time a terpene synthase active site is found moonlighting on another protein.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Center for Structural Biology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-0146, USA. bin.zhao@vanderbilt.edu



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Putative cytochrome P450AB467Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: SCO5223
EC: 1.14.13.106 (UniProt), 4.2.3.47 (UniProt)
Find proteins for Q9K498 (Streptomyces coelicolor (strain ATCC BAA-471 / A3(2) / M145))
Explore Q9K498 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9K498
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HEM
Query on HEM

Download CCD File 
A, B
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.230 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 
  • Space Group: P 63
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 103.596α = 90
b = 103.596β = 90
c = 140.861γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
SOLVEphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-06-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance