3D7E

Enterococcus casseliflavus glycerol kinase mutant HIS232ALA complexed with glycerol


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.03 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural characterizations of glycerol kinase: unraveling phosphorylation-induced long-range activation

Yeh, J.I.Kettering, R.Saxl, R.Bourand, A.Darbon, E.Joly, N.Briozzo, P.Deutscher, J.

(2009) Biochemistry 48: 346-356

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi8009407
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glycerol metabolism provides a central link between sugar and fatty acid catabolism. In most bacteria, glycerol kinase plays a crucial role in regulating channel/facilitator-dependent uptake of glycerol into the cell. In the firmicute Enterococcus ca ...

    Glycerol metabolism provides a central link between sugar and fatty acid catabolism. In most bacteria, glycerol kinase plays a crucial role in regulating channel/facilitator-dependent uptake of glycerol into the cell. In the firmicute Enterococcus casseliflavus, this enzyme's activity is enhanced by phosphorylation of the histidine residue (His232) located in its activation loop, approximately 25 A from its catalytic cleft. We reported earlier that some mutations of His232 altered enzyme activities; we present here the crystal structures of these mutant GlpK enzymes. The structure of a mutant enzyme with enhanced enzymatic activity, His232Arg, reveals that residues at the catalytic cleft are more optimally aligned to bind ATP and mediate phosphoryl transfer. Specifically, the position of Arg18 in His232Arg shifts by approximately 1 A when compared to its position in wild-type (WT), His232Ala, and His232Glu enzymes. This new conformation of Arg18 is more optimally positioned at the presumed gamma-phosphate location of ATP, close to the glycerol substrate. In addition to structural changes exhibited at the active site, the conformational stability of the activation loop is decreased, as reflected by an approximately 35% increase in B factors ("thermal factors") in a mutant enzyme displaying diminished activity, His232Glu. Correlating conformational changes to alteration of enzymatic activities in the mutant enzymes identifies distinct localized regions that can have profound effects on intramolecular signal transduction. Alterations in pairwise interactions across the dimer interface can communicate phosphorylation states over 25 A from the activation loop to the catalytic cleft, positioning Arg18 to form favorable interactions at the beta,gamma-bridging position with ATP. This would offset loss of the hydrogen bonds at the gamma-phosphate of ATP during phosphoryl transfer to glycerol, suggesting that appropriate alignment of the second substrate of glycerol kinase, the ATP molecule, may largely determine the rate of glycerol 3-phosphate production.


    Related Citations: 
    • The effects of flash-annealing on glycerol kinase crystals
      Vahedi-Faridi, A.,Stojanoff, V.,Yeh, J.I.
      (2005) ACTA CRYSTALLOGR.,SECT.D 61: 982


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Structural Biology, University of Pittsburgh, 3501 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA. jiyeh@pitt.edu




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Glycerol kinase
O, X
505Enterococcus casseliflavusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: glpK
EC: 2.7.1.30
Find proteins for O34153 (Enterococcus casseliflavus)
Go to UniProtKB:  O34153
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
O, X
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.03 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 95.572α = 90.00
b = 200.019β = 90.00
c = 56.431γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XFITdata reduction
HKL-2000data reduction
DENZOdata reduction
REFMACrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-04-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2012-03-28
    Type: Structure summary
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-25
    Type: Refinement description