3CRY

Gamma-glutamyl cyclotransferase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.178 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The identification and structural characterization of C7orf24 as gamma-glutamyl cyclotransferase. An essential enzyme in the gamma-glutamyl cycle

Oakley, A.J.Yamada, T.Liu, D.Coggan, M.Clark, A.G.Board, P.G.

(2008) J Biol Chem 283: 22031-22042

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M803623200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2RBH, 3CRY, 2PN7

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The hypothetical protein C7orf24 has been implicated as a cancer marker with a potential role in cell proliferation. We have identified C7orf24 as gamma-glutamyl cyclotransferase (GGCT) that catalyzes the formation of 5-oxoproline (pyroglutamic acid) from gamma-glutamyl dipeptides and potentially plays a significant role in glutathione homeostasis ...

    The hypothetical protein C7orf24 has been implicated as a cancer marker with a potential role in cell proliferation. We have identified C7orf24 as gamma-glutamyl cyclotransferase (GGCT) that catalyzes the formation of 5-oxoproline (pyroglutamic acid) from gamma-glutamyl dipeptides and potentially plays a significant role in glutathione homeostasis. In the present study we have identified the first cDNA clones encoding a gamma-glutamyl cyclotransferase. The GGCT gene is located on chromosome 7p14-15 and consists of four exons that span 8 kb. The primary sequence is 188 amino acids in length and is unlike any protein of known function. We crystallized functional recombinant gamma-glutamyl cyclotransferase and determined its structure at 1.7 A resolution. The enzyme is a dimer of 20,994-Da subunits. The topology of GGCT is unrelated to other enzymes associated with cyclotransferase-like activity. The fold was originally classified as "BtrG-like," a small family that only includes structures of hypothetical proteins from Mus musculus, Escherichia coli, Pyrococcus horikoshii, and Arabidopsis thaliana. Since this is the first member of this family with a defined function, we propose to refer to this structure as the gamma-glutamyl cyclotransferase fold. We have identified a potential active site pocket that contains a highly conserved glutamic acid (Glu(98)) and propose that it acts as a general acid/base in the reaction mechanism. Mutation of Glu(98) to Ala or Gln completely inactivates the enzyme without altering the overall fold.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601, Australia.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Gamma-glutamyl cyclotransferaseA, B188Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: GGCTC7orf24CRF21
EC: 4.3.2.9
Find proteins for O75223 (Homo sapiens)
Explore O75223 
Go to UniProtKB:  O75223
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  O75223
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ACT
Query on ACT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], D [auth B], E [auth B]ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.178 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 34.828α = 90
b = 98.135β = 90
c = 100.499γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
Blu-Icedata collection
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2008-04-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-25
    Changes: Refinement description