3BJ3

met-Perch hemoglobin at pH 8.0


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.207 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural analysis of fish versus mammalian hemoglobins: Effect of the heme pocket environment on autooxidation and hemin loss.

Aranda, R.Cai, H.Worley, C.E.Levin, E.J.Li, R.Olson, J.S.Phillips, G.N.Richards, M.P.

(2008) Proteins 75: 217-230

  • DOI: 10.1002/prot.22236
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2QSP, 2QSS, 2R1H, 3BJ1, 3BJ2, 3BJ3

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The underlying stereochemical mechanisms for the dramatic differences in autooxidation and hemin loss rates of fish versus mammalian hemoglobins (Hb) have been examined by determining the crystal structures of perch, trout IV, and bovine Hb at high and low pH ...

    The underlying stereochemical mechanisms for the dramatic differences in autooxidation and hemin loss rates of fish versus mammalian hemoglobins (Hb) have been examined by determining the crystal structures of perch, trout IV, and bovine Hb at high and low pH. The fish Hbs autooxidize and release hemin approximately 50- to 100-fold more rapidly than bovine Hb. Five specific amino acid replacements in the CD corner and along the E helix appear to cause the increased susceptibility of fish Hbs to oxidative degradation compared with mammalian Hbs. Ile is present at the E11 helical position in most fish Hb chains whereas a smaller Val residue is present in all mammalian alpha and beta chains. The larger IleE11 side chain sterically hinders bound O(2) and facilitates dissociation of the neutral superoxide radical, enhancing autooxidation. Lys(E10) is found in most mammalian Hb and forms favorable electrostatic and hydrogen bonding interactions with the heme-7-propionate. In contrast, Thr(E10) is present in most fish Hbs and is too short to stabilize bound heme, and causes increased rates of hemin dissociation. Especially high rates of hemin loss in perch Hb are also due to a lack of electrostatic interaction between His(CE3) and the heme-6 propionate in alpha subunits whereas this interaction does occur in trout IV and bovine Hb. There is also a larger gap for solvent entry into the heme crevice near beta CD3 in the perch Hb (approximately 8 A) compared with trout IV Hb (approximately 6 A) which in turn is significantly higher than that in bovine Hb (approximately 4 A) at low pH. The amino acids at CD4 and E14 differ between bovine and the fish Hbs and have the potential to modulate oxidative degradation by altering the orientation of the distal histidine and the stability of the E-helix. Generally rapid rates of lipid oxidation in fish muscle can be partly attributed to the fact that fish Hbs are highly susceptible to oxidative degradation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
hemoglobin alphaA, C142Perca flavescensMutation(s): 0 
UniProt
Find proteins for D0VWS3 (Perca flavescens)
Explore D0VWS3 
Go to UniProtKB:  D0VWS3
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
hemoglobin betaB, D146Perca flavescensMutation(s): 0 
UniProt
Find proteins for D0VWV3 (Perca flavescens)
Explore D0VWV3 
Go to UniProtKB:  D0VWV3
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.207 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 57.73α = 90
b = 84.897β = 90
c = 121.475γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2008-09-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance