3B7V

HIV-1 protease complexed with gem-diol-amine tetrahedral intermediate NLLTQI


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.46 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.152 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Caught in the Act: The 1.5 A Resolution Crystal Structures of the HIV-1 Protease and the I54V Mutant Reveal a Tetrahedral Reaction Intermediate.

Kovalevsky, A.Y.Chumanevich, A.A.Liu, F.Louis, J.M.Weber, I.T.

(2007) Biochemistry 46: 14854-14864

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi700822g
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • HIV-1 protease (PR) is the target for several important antiviral drugs used in AIDS therapy. The drugs bind inside the active site cavity of PR where normally the viral polyprotein substrate is bound and hydrolyzed. We report two high-resolution cry ...

    HIV-1 protease (PR) is the target for several important antiviral drugs used in AIDS therapy. The drugs bind inside the active site cavity of PR where normally the viral polyprotein substrate is bound and hydrolyzed. We report two high-resolution crystal structures of wild-type PR (PRWT) and the multi-drug-resistant variant with the I54V mutation (PRI54V) in complex with a peptide at 1.46 and 1.50 A resolution, respectively. The peptide forms a gem-diol tetrahedral reaction intermediate (TI) in the crystal structures. Distinctive interactions are observed for the TI binding in the active site cavity of PRWT and PRI54V. The mutant PRI54V/TI complex has lost water-mediated hydrogen bond interactions with the amides of Ile50 and Ile50' in the flap. Hence, the structures provide insight into the mechanism of drug resistance arising from this mutation. The structures also illustrate an intermediate state in the hydrolysis reaction. One of the gem-diol hydroxide groups in the PRWT complex forms a very short (2.3 A) hydrogen bond with the outer carboxylate oxygen of Asp25. Quantum chemical calculations based on this TI structure are consistent with protonation of the inner carboxylate oxygen of Asp25', in contrast to several theoretical studies. These TI complexes and quantum calculations are discussed in relation to the chemical mechanism of the peptide bond hydrolysis catalyzed by PR.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biology and Chemistry, Molecular Basis of Disease Program, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ProteaseA, B99Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 BH10Mutation(s): 5 
Gene Names: gag-pol
EC: 3.4.23.16 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.7.49 (UniProt), 2.7.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1.26.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13.2 (UniProt), 2.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P04587 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate BH5))
Explore P04587 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04587
Find proteins for Q7SSI0 (Human immunodeficiency virus 1)
Explore Q7SSI0 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q7SSI0
Protein Feature View
 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by: Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
peptideC5Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 BH10Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: gag-pol
Protein Feature View
 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
B
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download CCD File 
A, B
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download CCD File 
A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules 1 Unique
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_000321
Query on PRD_000321
CN-{(2S)-2-[(L-asparaginyl-L-leucyl)amino]-1,1-dihydroxy-4-methylpentyl}-L-threonyl-L-glutaminyl-L-isoleucineP /  Inhibitor

--

Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.46 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.152 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 58.304α = 90
b = 86.121β = 90
c = 46.307γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SHELXmodel building
SHELXL-97refinement
MAR345data collection
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SHELXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-12-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2012-12-12
    Changes: Other
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-25
    Changes: Refinement description