3AYM

Crystal structure of the batho intermediate of squid rhodopsin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.345 
  • R-Value Work: 0.295 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystallographic Analysis of the Primary Photochemical Reaction of Squid Rhodopsin

Murakami, M.Kouyama, T.

(2011) J.Mol.Biol. 413: 615-627

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2011.08.044
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  3AYN

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Visual signal transduction is initiated by the photoisomerization of 11-cis retinal upon rhodopsin ligation. Unlike vertebrate rhodopsin, which interacts with Gt-type G-protein to stimulate the cyclic GMP signaling pathway, invertebrate rhodopsin int ...

    Visual signal transduction is initiated by the photoisomerization of 11-cis retinal upon rhodopsin ligation. Unlike vertebrate rhodopsin, which interacts with Gt-type G-protein to stimulate the cyclic GMP signaling pathway, invertebrate rhodopsin interacts with Gq-type G-protein to stimulate a signaling pathway that is based on inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate. Since the inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate signaling pathway is utilized by mammalian nonvisual pigments and a large number of G-protein-coupled receptors, it is important to elucidate how the activation mechanism of invertebrate rhodopsin differs from that of vertebrate rhodopsin. Previous crystallographic studies of squid and bovine rhodopsins have shown that there is a profound difference in the structures of the retinal-binding pockets of these photoreceptors. Here, we report the crystal structures of all-trans bathorhodopsin (Batho; the first photoreaction intermediate) and the artificial 9-cis isorhodopsin (Iso) of squid rhodopsin. Upon the formation of Batho, the central moiety of the retinal was observed to move largely towards the cytoplasmic side, while the Schiff base and the ionone ring underwent limited movements (i.e., the all-trans retinal in Batho took on a right-handed screwed configuration). Conversely, the 9-cis retinal in Iso took on a planar configuration. Our results suggest that the light energy absorbed by squid rhodopsin is mostly converted into the distortion energy of the retinal polyene chain and surrounding residues.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Rhodopsin
A, B
448Todarodes pacificusGene Names: RHO
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
G Protein-Coupled Receptors (GPCRs)
Protein: 
Rhodopsin, Squid
Find proteins for P31356 (Todarodes pacificus)
Go to Gene View: RHO
Go to UniProtKB:  P31356
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
PC1
Query on PC1

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Download CCD File 
B
1,2-DIACYL-SN-GLYCERO-3-PHOSPHOCHOLINE
3-SN-PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE
C44 H88 N O8 P
NRJAVPSFFCBXDT-HUESYALOSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
RET
Query on RET

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Download CCD File 
A, B
RETINAL
C20 H28 O
NCYCYZXNIZJOKI-OVSJKPMPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PLM
Query on PLM

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Download CCD File 
A
PALMITIC ACID
C16 H32 O2
IPCSVZSSVZVIGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BOG
Query on BOG

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Download CCD File 
A, B
B-OCTYLGLUCOSIDE
C14 H28 O6
HEGSGKPQLMEBJL-RKQHYHRCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.345 
  • R-Value Work: 0.295 
  • Space Group: P 62
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 122.360α = 90.00
b = 122.360β = 90.00
c = 158.220γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSphasing
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
CNSrefinement
MAR345data collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-08-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-10-26
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-11
    Type: Refinement description