3AXY

Structure of Florigen Activation Complex Consisting of Rice Florigen Hd3a, 14-3-3 Protein GF14 and Rice FD Homolog OsFD1


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.276 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.231 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

14-3-3 proteins act as intracellular receptors for rice Hd3a florigen

Taoka, K.Ohki, I.Tsuji, H.Furuita, K.Hayashi, K.Yanase, T.Yamaguchi, M.Nakashima, C.Purwestri, Y.A.Tamaki, S.Ogaki, Y.Shimada, C.Nakagawa, A.Kojima, C.Shimamoto, K.

(2011) Nature 476: 332-335

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature10272
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3AXY

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • 'Florigen' was proposed 75 years ago to be synthesized in the leaf and transported to the shoot apex, where it induces flowering. Only recently have genetic and biochemical studies established that florigen is encoded by FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), a gene that is universally conserved in higher plants ...

    'Florigen' was proposed 75 years ago to be synthesized in the leaf and transported to the shoot apex, where it induces flowering. Only recently have genetic and biochemical studies established that florigen is encoded by FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), a gene that is universally conserved in higher plants. Nonetheless, the exact function of florigen during floral induction remains poorly understood and receptors for florigen have not been identified. Here we show that the rice FT homologue Hd3a interacts with 14-3-3 proteins in the apical cells of shoots, yielding a complex that translocates to the nucleus and binds to the Oryza sativa (Os)FD1 transcription factor, a rice homologue of Arabidopsis thaliana FD. The resultant ternary 'florigen activation complex' (FAC) induces transcription of OsMADS15, a homologue of A. thaliana APETALA1 (AP1), which leads to flowering. We have determined the 2.4 Å crystal structure of rice FAC, which provides a mechanistic basis for florigen function in flowering. Our results indicate that 14-3-3 proteins act as intracellular receptors for florigen in shoot apical cells, and offer new approaches to manipulate flowering in various crops and trees.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Graduate School of Biological Sciences, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916-5 Takayama, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Protein HEADING DATE 3AA, B, G, H170Oryza sativa Japonica GroupMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: HD3ALOC_Os06g06320Os06g0157700OsJ_20191P0046E09.30P0702F05.10
UniProt
Find proteins for Q93WI9 (Oryza sativa subsp. japonica)
Explore Q93WI9 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q93WI9
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ93WI9
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
14-3-3-like protein GF14-CC, D, I, J240Oryza sativa Japonica GroupMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GF14CLOC_Os08g33370OJ1124_B05.7Os08g0430500
UniProt
Find proteins for Q6ZKC0 (Oryza sativa subsp. japonica)
Explore Q6ZKC0 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q6ZKC0
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ6ZKC0
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence

Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   3D Structure  

Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Rice FD homolog OsFD1E, F, K, L9N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
SEP
Query on SEP
E, F, K, L L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H8 N O6 PSER
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.276 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.231 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 76.735α = 68.23
b = 96.647β = 87.9
c = 99.51γ = 77.94
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-08-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-10-12
    Changes: Database references