3AL0

Crystal structure of the glutamine transamidosome from Thermotoga maritima in the glutamylation state.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.37 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.269 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Two enzymes bound to one transfer RNA assume alternative conformations for consecutive reactions.

Ito, T.Yokoyama, S.

(2010) Nature 467: 612-616

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature09411
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3AKZ, 3AL0

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In most bacteria and all archaea, glutamyl-tRNA synthetase (GluRS) glutamylates both tRNA(Glu) and tRNA(Gln), and then Glu-tRNA(Gln) is selectively converted to Gln-tRNA(Gln) by a tRNA-dependent amidotransferase. The mechanisms by which the two enzymes recognize their substrate tRNA(s), and how they cooperate with each other in Gln-tRNA(Gln) synthesis, remain to be determined ...

    In most bacteria and all archaea, glutamyl-tRNA synthetase (GluRS) glutamylates both tRNA(Glu) and tRNA(Gln), and then Glu-tRNA(Gln) is selectively converted to Gln-tRNA(Gln) by a tRNA-dependent amidotransferase. The mechanisms by which the two enzymes recognize their substrate tRNA(s), and how they cooperate with each other in Gln-tRNA(Gln) synthesis, remain to be determined. Here we report the formation of the 'glutamine transamidosome' from the bacterium Thermotoga maritima, consisting of tRNA(Gln), GluRS and the heterotrimeric amidotransferase GatCAB, and its crystal structure at 3.35 A resolution. The anticodon-binding body of GluRS recognizes the common features of tRNA(Gln) and tRNA(Glu), whereas the tail body of GatCAB recognizes the outer corner of the L-shaped tRNA(Gln) in a tRNA(Gln)-specific manner. GluRS is in the productive form, as its catalytic body binds to the amino-acid-acceptor arm of tRNA(Gln). In contrast, GatCAB is in the non-productive form: the catalytic body of GatCAB contacts that of GluRS and is located near the acceptor stem of tRNA(Gln), in an appropriate site to wait for the completion of Glu-tRNA(Gln) formation by GluRS. We identified the hinges between the catalytic and anticodon-binding bodies of GluRS and between the catalytic and tail bodies of GatCAB, which allow both GluRS and GatCAB to adopt the productive and non-productive forms. The catalytic bodies of the two enzymes compete for the acceptor arm of tRNA(Gln) and therefore cannot assume their productive forms simultaneously. The transition from the present glutamylation state, with the productive GluRS and the non-productive GatCAB, to the putative amidation state, with the non-productive GluRS and the productive GatCAB, requires an intermediate state with the two enzymes in their non-productive forms, for steric reasons. The proposed mechanism explains how the transamidosome efficiently performs the two consecutive steps of Gln-tRNA(Gln) formation, with a low risk of releasing the unstable intermediate Glu-tRNA(Gln).


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biophysics and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Glutamyl-tRNA(Gln) amidotransferase subunit A A475Thermotoga maritima MSB8Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: gatATM_1272
EC: 6.3.5.7
Find proteins for Q9X0Z9 (Thermotoga maritima (strain ATCC 43589 / MSB8 / DSM 3109 / JCM 10099))
Explore Q9X0Z9 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9X0Z9
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Aspartyl/glutamyl-tRNA(Asn/Gln) amidotransferase subunit B B482Thermotoga maritima MSB8Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: gatBTM_1273
EC: 6.3.5
Find proteins for Q9X100 (Thermotoga maritima (strain ATCC 43589 / MSB8 / DSM 3109 / JCM 10099))
Explore Q9X100 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9X100
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Glutamyl-tRNA(Gln) amidotransferase subunit C,Linker,Glutamate--tRNA ligase 2 C592Thermotoga maritima MSB8synthetic constructMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: gatCTM_0252gltX2TM_1875
EC: 6.3.5 (PDB Primary Data), 6.1.1.17 (PDB Primary Data)
Find proteins for Q9WY94 (Thermotoga maritima (strain ATCC 43589 / MSB8 / DSM 3109 / JCM 10099))
Explore Q9WY94 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9WY94
Find proteins for Q9X2I8 (Thermotoga maritima (strain ATCC 43589 / MSB8 / DSM 3109 / JCM 10099))
Explore Q9X2I8 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9X2I8
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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(by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
tRNAGlnE74synthetic construct
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GSU
Query on GSU

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C
O5'-(L-GLUTAMYL-SULFAMOYL)-ADENOSINE
C15 H21 N7 O9 S
YBRKRYFZKHICLS-WERHYGNASA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.37 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.269 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 
  • Space Group: P 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 76.954α = 90
b = 125.661β = 90
c = 313.386γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2010-07-19 
  • Released Date: 2010-09-29 
  • Deposition Author(s): Ito, T., Yokoyama, S.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2010-09-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-06-28
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations, Source and taxonomy, Structure summary