3AII

Archaeal non-discriminating glutamyl-tRNA synthetase from Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.219 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of an archaeal non-discriminating glutamyl-tRNA synthetase: a missing link in the evolution of Gln-tRNAGln formation

Nureki, O.O'Donoghue, P.Watanabe, N.Ohmori, A.Oshikane, H.Araiso, Y.Sheppard, K.Soll, D.Ishitani, R.

(2010) Nucleic Acids Res. --: --

  • DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkq605

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The molecular basis of the genetic code relies on the specific ligation of amino acids to their cognate tRNA molecules. However, two pathways exist for the formation of Gln-tRNA(Gln). The evolutionarily older indirect route utilizes a non-discriminat ...

    The molecular basis of the genetic code relies on the specific ligation of amino acids to their cognate tRNA molecules. However, two pathways exist for the formation of Gln-tRNA(Gln). The evolutionarily older indirect route utilizes a non-discriminating glutamyl-tRNA synthetase (ND-GluRS) that can form both Glu-tRNA(Glu) and Glu-tRNA(Gln). The Glu-tRNA(Gln) is then converted to Gln-tRNA(Gln) by an amidotransferase. Since the well-characterized bacterial ND-GluRS enzymes recognize tRNA(Glu) and tRNA(Gln) with an unrelated α-helical cage domain in contrast to the β-barrel anticodon-binding domain in archaeal and eukaryotic GluRSs, the mode of tRNA(Glu)/tRNA(Gln) discrimination in archaea and eukaryotes was unknown. Here, we present the crystal structure of the Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus ND-GluRS, which is the evolutionary predecessor of both the glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase (GlnRS) and the eukaryotic discriminating GluRS. Comparison with the previously solved structure of the Escherichia coli GlnRS-tRNA(Gln) complex reveals the structural determinants responsible for specific tRNA(Gln) recognition by GlnRS compared to promiscuous recognition of both tRNAs by the ND-GluRS. The structure also shows the amino acid recognition pocket of GluRS is more variable than that found in GlnRS. Phylogenetic analysis is used to reconstruct the key events in the evolution from indirect to direct genetic encoding of glutamine.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan. nureki@ims.u-tokyo.ac.jp




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Glutamyl-tRNA synthetase
A
553Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus (strain ATCC 29096 / DSM 1053 / JCM 10044 / NBRC 100330 / Delta H)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: gltX
EC: 6.1.1.17
Find proteins for O26157 (Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus (strain ATCC 29096 / DSM 1053 / JCM 10044 / NBRC 100330 / Delta H))
Go to UniProtKB:  O26157
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

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A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

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Download CCD File 
A
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACY
Query on ACY

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A
ACETIC ACID
C2 H4 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.219 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 54.070α = 90.00
b = 99.898β = 90.00
c = 105.402γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
SOLVEphasing
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-08-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance