3A5R

Benzalacetone synthase from Rheum palmatum complexed with 4-coumaroyl-primed monoketide intermediate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

A structure-based mechanism for benzalacetone synthase from Rheum palmatum

Morita, H.Shimokawa, Y.Tanio, M.Kato, R.Noguchi, H.Sugio, S.Kohno, T.Abe, I.

(2010) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107: 669-673

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0909982107
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3A5Q, 3A5R, 3A5S

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Benzalacetone synthase (BAS), a plant-specific type III polyketide synthase (PKS), catalyzes a one-step decarboxylative condensation of malonyl-CoA and 4-coumaroyl-CoA to produce the diketide benzalacetone. We solved the crystal structures of both the wild-type and chalcone-producing I207L/L208F mutant of Rheum palmatum BAS at 1 ...

    Benzalacetone synthase (BAS), a plant-specific type III polyketide synthase (PKS), catalyzes a one-step decarboxylative condensation of malonyl-CoA and 4-coumaroyl-CoA to produce the diketide benzalacetone. We solved the crystal structures of both the wild-type and chalcone-producing I207L/L208F mutant of Rheum palmatum BAS at 1.8 A resolution. In addition, we solved the crystal structure of the wild-type enzyme, in which a monoketide coumarate intermediate is covalently bound to the catalytic cysteine residue, at 1.6 A resolution. This is the first direct evidence that type III PKS utilizes the cysteine as the nucleophile and as the attachment site for the polyketide intermediate. The crystal structures revealed that BAS utilizes an alternative, novel active-site pocket for locking the aromatic moiety of the coumarate, instead of the chalcone synthase's coumaroyl-binding pocket, which is lost in the active-site of the wild-type enzyme and restored in the I207L/L208F mutant. Furthermore, the crystal structures indicated the presence of a putative nucleophilic water molecule which forms hydrogen bond networks with the Cys-His-Asn catalytic triad. This suggested that BAS employs novel catalytic machinery for the thioester bond cleavage of the enzyme-bound diketide intermediate and the final decarboxylation reaction to produce benzalacetone. These findings provided a structural basis for the functional diversity of the type III PKS enzymes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Benzalacetone synthaseA, B387Rheum palmatumMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: BAS
EC: 2.3.1.212
UniProt
Find proteins for Q94FV7 (Rheum palmatum)
Explore Q94FV7 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q94FV7
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ94FV7
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HC4
Query on HC4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
D [auth B]
4'-HYDROXYCINNAMIC ACID
C9 H8 O3
NGSWKAQJJWESNS-ZZXKWVIFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 54.622α = 90
b = 89.847β = 100.45
c = 81.1γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2010-01-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2012-06-27
    Changes: Database references