Structure of an archaeal homologue of the bacterial Fmu/RsmB/RrmB rRNA cytosine 5-methyltransferaseHikida, Y., Kuratani, M., Bessho, Y., Sekine, S., Yokoyama, S.
(2010) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 66: 1301-1307
- PubMed: 21123870
- DOI: 10.1107/S0907444910037558
- PubMed Abstract:
One of the modified nucleosides that frequently occurs in rRNAs and tRNAs is 5-methylcytidine (m⁵C). Escherichia coli Fmu/RsmB/RrmB is an S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet)-dependent methyltransferase that forms m⁵C967 in 16S rRNA. Fmu/RsmB/RrmB homolo ...
One of the modified nucleosides that frequently occurs in rRNAs and tRNAs is 5-methylcytidine (m⁵C). Escherichia coli Fmu/RsmB/RrmB is an S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet)-dependent methyltransferase that forms m⁵C967 in 16S rRNA. Fmu/RsmB/RrmB homologues exist not only in bacteria but also in archaea and eukarya and constitute a large orthologous group in the RNA:m⁵C methyltransferase family. In the present study, the crystal structure of a homologue of E. coli Fmu/RsmB/RrmB from the archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii (PH0851) complexed with an AdoMet analogue was determined at 2.55 Å resolution. The structure and sequence of the C-terminal catalytic domain are highly conserved compared with those of E. coli Fmu/RsmB/RrmB. In contrast, the sequence of the N-terminal domain is negligibly conserved between the bacterial and archaeal subfamilies. Nevertheless, the N-terminal domains of PH0851 and E. coli Fmu/RsmB/RrmB are both α-helical and adopt a similar topology. Next to the AdoMet-binding site, a positively charged cleft is formed between the N- and C-terminal domains. This cleft is conserved in the archaeal PH0851 homologues and seems to be suitable for binding the RNA substrate.
Department of Biophysics and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.