2Y09

The cyanobacterial PP2C-like phosphatase tPphA requires three metals in the catalytic center for efficient catalysis


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

A Third Metal is Required for Catalytic Activity of the Signal-Transducing Protein Phosphatase M Tppha.

Su, J.Schlicker, C.Forchhammer, K.

(2011) J Biol Chem 286: 13481

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.036467
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2XZV, 2Y09

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Protein phosphatase M (PPM) regulates key signaling pathways in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Novel structures of bacterial PPM members revealed three divalent metal ions in their catalytic centers. The function of metal 3 (M3) remained unclear. To rev ...

    Protein phosphatase M (PPM) regulates key signaling pathways in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Novel structures of bacterial PPM members revealed three divalent metal ions in their catalytic centers. The function of metal 3 (M3) remained unclear. To reveal its function, we created variants of tPphA from Thermosynechococcus elongatus in all metal-coordinating residues, and multiple variants were created for the M3 coordinating Asp-119 residue. The structures of variants D119A and D193A were resolved, showing loss of M3 binding but unaffected binding of M1 and M2 in the catalytic center of D119A, with the nucleophilic water molecule in the correct place. The catalytic activity of this variant was highly impaired. This and further structure-function analyses showed that M3 is required for catalysis by providing a water molecule as a proton donor during catalysis. Mutation of the homologue Asp residue in human PP2Cα also caused loss of function, suggesting a general requirement of M3 in PPM-catalyzed reactions.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Interfaculty Institute of Microbiology and Infection Medicine, Department of Organismic Interactions, University of Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PROTEIN SERIN-THREONIN PHOSPHATASEA240Synechococcus elongatusMutation(s): 1 
Find proteins for Q8DGS1 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Explore Q8DGS1 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8DGS1
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CA
Query on CA

Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.194 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 38.714α = 90
b = 151.678β = 90
c = 82.777γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-02-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance