2XNJ

Crystal structure of an engineered Ferredoxin(flavodoxin) NADP(H) Reductase (FPR) from Escherichia coli


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Swapping Fad Binding Motifs between Plastidic and Bacterial Ferredoxin-Nadp(H) Reductases.

Musumeci, M.A.Botti, H.Buschiazzo, A.Ceccarelli, E.A.

(2011) Biochemistry 50: 2111

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi101772a
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Plant-type ferredoxin-NADP(H) reductases (FNRs) are grouped in two classes, plastidic with an extended FAD conformation and high catalytic rates and bacterial with a folded flavin nucleotide and low turnover rates. The 112-123 β-hairpin from a plasti ...

    Plant-type ferredoxin-NADP(H) reductases (FNRs) are grouped in two classes, plastidic with an extended FAD conformation and high catalytic rates and bacterial with a folded flavin nucleotide and low turnover rates. The 112-123 β-hairpin from a plastidic FNR and the carboxy-terminal tryptophan of a bacterial FNR, suggested to be responsible for the FAD differential conformation, were mutually exchanged. The plastidic FNR lacking the β-hairpin was unable to fold properly. An extra tryptophan at the carboxy terminus, emulating the bacterial FNR, resulted in an enzyme with decreased affinity for FAD and reduced diaphorase and ferredoxin-dependent cytochrome c reductase activities. The insertion of the β-hairpin into the corresponding position of the bacterial FNR increased FAD affinity but did not affect its catalytic properties. The same insertion with simultaneous deletion of the carboxy-terminal tryptophan produced a bacterial chimera emulating the plastidic architecture with an increased k(cat) and an increased catalytic efficiency for the diaphorase activity and a decrease in the enzyme's ability to react with its substrates ferredoxin and flavodoxin. Crystallographic structures of the chimeras showed no significant changes in their overall structure, although alterations in the FAD conformations were observed. Plastidic and bacterial FNRs thus reveal differential effects of key structural elements. While the 112-123 β-hairpin modulates the catalytic efficiency of plastidic FNR, it seems not to affect the bacterial FNR behavior, which instead can be improved by the loss of the C-terminal tryptophan. This report highlights the role of the FAD moiety conformation and the structural determinants involved in stabilizing it, ultimately modulating the functional output of FNRs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Molecular Biology Division, Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Rosario (IBR), CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Suipacha 531, S2002LRK Rosario, Argentina.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
FERREDOXIN NADP-H REDUCTASE
A, B
266Escherichia coli (strain K12)Mutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: fpr (mvrA)
EC: 1.18.1.2, 1.19.1.1
Find proteins for P28861 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P28861
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

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A, B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

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B
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FAD
Query on FAD

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A, B
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAP
Query on NAP

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A, B
NADP NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
2'-MONOPHOSPHOADENOSINE 5'-DIPHOSPHORIBOSE
C21 H28 N7 O17 P3
XJLXINKUBYWONI-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
TRS
Query on TRS

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A, B
2-AMINO-2-HYDROXYMETHYL-PROPANE-1,3-DIOL
TRIS BUFFER
C4 H12 N O3
LENZDBCJOHFCAS-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
FADKd: 1.1 nM BINDINGMOAD
NAPKd: 7500 nM BINDINGMOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 186.883α = 90.00
b = 74.580β = 101.86
c = 44.421γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
XDSdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
BUSTERrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-02-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-19
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-06-28
    Type: Data collection