2XHZ

Probing the active site of the sugar isomerase domain from E. coli arabinose-5-phosphate isomerase via X-ray crystallography


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.305 
  • R-Value Work: 0.261 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.263 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Probing the Active Site of the Sugar Isomerase Domain from E. Coli Arabinose-5-Phosphate Isomerase Via X-Ray Crystallography.

Gourlay, L.J.Sommaruga, S.Nardini, M.Sperandeo, P.Deho, G.Polissi, A.Bolognesi, M.

(2010) Protein Sci 19: 2430

  • DOI: 10.1002/pro.525
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2XHZ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) biosynthesis represents an underexploited target pathway for novel antimicrobial development to combat the emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria. A key player in LPS synthesis is the enzyme D-arabinose-5-phosphate isomerase (API), which catalyzes the reversible isomerization of D-ribulose-5-phosphate to D-arabinose-5-phosphate, a precursor of 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate that is an essential residue of the LPS inner core ...

    Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) biosynthesis represents an underexploited target pathway for novel antimicrobial development to combat the emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria. A key player in LPS synthesis is the enzyme D-arabinose-5-phosphate isomerase (API), which catalyzes the reversible isomerization of D-ribulose-5-phosphate to D-arabinose-5-phosphate, a precursor of 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate that is an essential residue of the LPS inner core. API is composed of two main domains: an N-terminal sugar isomerase domain (SIS) and a pair of cystathionine-β-synthase domains of unknown function. As the three-dimensional structure of an enzyme is a prerequisite for the rational development of novel inhibitors, we present here the crystal structure of the SIS domain of a catalytic mutant (K59A) of E. coli D-arabinose-5-phosphate isomerase at 2.6-Å resolution. Our structural analyses and comparisons made with other SIS domains highlight several potentially important active site residues. In particular, the crystal structure allowed us to identify a previously unpredicted His residue (H88) located at the mouth of the active site cavity as a possible catalytic residue. On the basis of such structural data, subsequently supported by biochemical and mutational experiments, we confirm the catalytic role of H88, which appears to be a generally conserved residue among two-domain isomerases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Dipartimento di Scienze Biomolecolari e Biotecnologie, and CIMAINA, Università di Milano, Via Celoria 26, Milano 20133, Italy.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ARABINOSE 5-PHOSPHATE ISOMERASEA, B, C, D183Escherichia coliMutation(s): 1 
EC: 5.3.1.13
Find proteins for P45395 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P45395 
Go to UniProtKB:  P45395
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.305 
  • R-Value Work: 0.261 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.263 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 55.86α = 90
b = 67.43β = 106.94
c = 82.17γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
iMOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-01-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance