2VSF

Structure of XPD from Thermoplasma acidophilum


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.287 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal Structure of the Fes Cluster-Containing Nucleotide Excision Repair Helicase Xpd.

Wolski, S.C.Kuper, J.Haenzelmann, P.Truglio, J.J.Croteau, D.L.Van Houten, B.Kisker, C.

(2008) PLoS Biol 6: E149

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0060149
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2VSF

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • DNA damage recognition by the nucleotide excision repair pathway requires an initial step identifying helical distortions in the DNA and a proofreading step verifying the presence of a lesion. This proofreading step is accomplished in eukaryotes by t ...

    DNA damage recognition by the nucleotide excision repair pathway requires an initial step identifying helical distortions in the DNA and a proofreading step verifying the presence of a lesion. This proofreading step is accomplished in eukaryotes by the TFIIH complex. The critical damage recognition component of TFIIH is the XPD protein, a DNA helicase that unwinds DNA and identifies the damage. Here, we describe the crystal structure of an archaeal XPD protein with high sequence identity to the human XPD protein that reveals how the structural helicase framework is combined with additional elements for strand separation and DNA scanning. Two RecA-like helicase domains are complemented by a 4Fe4S cluster domain, which has been implicated in damage recognition, and an alpha-helical domain. The first helicase domain together with the helical and 4Fe4S-cluster-containing domains form a central hole with a diameter sufficient in size to allow passage of a single stranded DNA. Based on our results, we suggest a model of how DNA is bound to the XPD protein, and can rationalize several of the mutations in the human XPD gene that lead to one of three severe diseases, xeroderma pigmentosum, Cockayne syndrome, and trichothiodystrophy.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Rudolf Virchow Center for Experimental Biomedicine, Institute for Structural Biology, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA REPAIR HELICASE RAD3 RELATED PROTEINA602Thermoplasma acidophilumMutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.6.4.12
Find proteins for Q9HM14 (Thermoplasma acidophilum (strain ATCC 25905 / DSM 1728 / JCM 9062 / NBRC 15155 / AMRC-C165))
Explore Q9HM14 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9HM14
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SF4
Query on SF4

Download CCD File 
A
IRON/SULFUR CLUSTER
Fe4 S4
LJBDFODJNLIPKO-VKOJMFJBAC
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.287 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 
  • Space Group: P 65
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 78.89α = 90
b = 78.89β = 90
c = 174.04γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
SHARPphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-07-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance