2UWH

Cytochrome P450 BM3 mutant in complex with palmitic acid


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.299 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Filling a Hole in Cytochrome P450 Bm3 Improves Substrate Binding and Catalytic Efficiency.

Huang, W.-C.Westlake, A.C.G.Marechal, J.-D.Joyce, M.G.Moody, P.C.E.Roberts, G.C.K.

(2007) J.Mol.Biol. 373: 633

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2007.08.015

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cytochrome P450BM3 (CYP102A1) from Bacillus megaterium, a fatty acid hydroxylase, is a member of a very large superfamily of monooxygenase enzymes. The available crystal structures of the enzyme show non-productive binding of substrates with their om ...

    Cytochrome P450BM3 (CYP102A1) from Bacillus megaterium, a fatty acid hydroxylase, is a member of a very large superfamily of monooxygenase enzymes. The available crystal structures of the enzyme show non-productive binding of substrates with their omega-end distant from the iron in a hydrophobic pocket at one side of the active site. We have constructed and characterised mutants in which this pocket is filled by large hydrophobic side-chains replacing alanine at position 82. The mutants having phenylalanine or tryptophan at this position have very much (approximately 800-fold) greater affinity for substrate, with a greater conversion of the haem iron to the high-spin state, and similarly increased catalytic efficiency. The enzyme as isolated contains bound palmitate, reflecting this much higher affinity. We have determined the crystal structure of the haem domain of the Ala82Phe mutant with bound palmitate; this shows that the substrate is binding differently from the wild-type enzyme but still distant from the haem iron. Detailed analysis of the structure indicates that the tighter binding in the mutant reflects a shift in the conformational equilibrium of the substrate-free enzyme towards the conformation seen in the substrate complex rather than differences in the enzyme-substrate interactions. On this basis, we outline a sequence of events for the initial stages of the catalytic cycle. The Ala82Phe and Ala82Trp mutants are also very much more effective catalysts of indole hydroxylation than the wild-type enzyme, suggesting that they will be valuable starting points for the design of mutants to catalyse synthetically useful hydroxylation reactions.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Henry Wellcome Laboratories of Structural Biology, Department of Biochemistry, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 9HN, UK.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
BIFUNCTIONAL P-450\: NADPH-P450 REDUCTASE
A, B, C, D, E, F
458Bacillus megaterium (strain ATCC 14581 / DSM 32 / JCM 2506 / NBRC 15308 / NCIMB 9376 / NCTC 10342 / VKM B-512)Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: cyp102A1 (cyp102)
Find proteins for P14779 (Bacillus megaterium (strain ATCC 14581 / DSM 32 / JCM 2506 / NBRC 15308 / NCIMB 9376 / NCTC 10342 / VKM B-512))
Go to UniProtKB:  P14779
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HEM
Query on HEM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
HEME
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
PLM
Query on PLM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
PALMITIC ACID
C16 H32 O2
IPCSVZSSVZVIGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.299 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 116.827α = 90.00
b = 147.030β = 90.00
c = 183.402γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-08-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance