2REE

Crystal structure of the loading GNATL domain of CurA from Lyngbya majuscula


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.211 
  • R-Value Work: 0.172 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.174 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

GNAT-like strategy for polyketide chain initiation.

Gu, L.Geders, T.W.Wang, B.Gerwick, W.H.Hakansson, K.Smith, J.L.Sherman, D.H.

(2007) Science 318: 970-974

  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1148790
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2REE, 2REF

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • An unexpected biochemical strategy for chain initiation is described for the loading module of the polyketide synthase of curacin A, an anticancer lead derived from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula. A central GCN5-related N-acetyltransferase (GNAT) domain bears bifunctional decarboxylase/S-acetyltransferase activity, both unprecedented for the GNAT superfamily ...

    An unexpected biochemical strategy for chain initiation is described for the loading module of the polyketide synthase of curacin A, an anticancer lead derived from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula. A central GCN5-related N-acetyltransferase (GNAT) domain bears bifunctional decarboxylase/S-acetyltransferase activity, both unprecedented for the GNAT superfamily. A CurA loading tridomain, consisting of an adaptor domain, the GNAT domain, and an acyl carrier protein, was assessed biochemically, revealing that a domain showing homology to GNAT (GNAT(L)) catalyzes (i) decarboxylation of malonyl-coenzyme A (malonyl-CoA) to acetyl-CoA and (ii) direct S-acetyl transfer from acetyl-CoA to load an adjacent acyl carrier protein domain (ACP(L)). Moreover, the N-terminal adapter domain was shown to facilitate acetyl-group transfer. Crystal structures of GNAT(L) were solved at 1.95 angstroms (ligand-free form) and 2.75 angstroms (acyl-CoA complex), showing distinct substrate tunnels for acyl-CoA and holo-ACP(L) binding. Modeling and site-directed mutagenesis experiments demonstrated that histidine-389 and threonine-355, at the convergence of the CoA and ACP tunnels, participate in malonyl-CoA decarboxylation but not in acetyl-group transfer. Decarboxylation precedes acetyl-group transfer, leading to acetyl-ACP(L) as the key curacin A starter unit.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Life Sciences Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
CurAA, B224Moorena producens 19LMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: curA
EC: 2.3.1.38 (PDB Primary Data), 4.1.1.9 (PDB Primary Data)
UniProt
Find proteins for Q6DNF2 (Lyngbya majuscula)
Explore Q6DNF2 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q6DNF2
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], F [auth B]SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A], G [auth B]GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.211 
  • R-Value Work: 0.172 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.174 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 91.463α = 90
b = 91.463β = 90
c = 138.877γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SOLVEphasing
RESOLVEphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
Blu-Icedata collection

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2007-11-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-25
    Changes: Refinement description