2QRV

Structure of Dnmt3a-Dnmt3L C-terminal domain complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.89 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.281 
  • R-Value Work: 0.259 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.259 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of Dnmt3a bound to Dnmt3L suggests a model for de novo DNA methylation.

Jia, D.Jurkowska, R.Z.Zhang, X.Jeltsch, A.Cheng, X.

(2007) Nature 449: 248-251

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature06146
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2QRV

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Genetic imprinting, found in flowering plants and placental mammals, uses DNA methylation to yield gene expression that is dependent on the parent of origin. DNA methyltransferase 3a (Dnmt3a) and its regulatory factor, DNA methyltransferase 3-like protein (Dnmt3L), are both required for the de novo DNA methylation of imprinted genes in mammalian germ cells ...

    Genetic imprinting, found in flowering plants and placental mammals, uses DNA methylation to yield gene expression that is dependent on the parent of origin. DNA methyltransferase 3a (Dnmt3a) and its regulatory factor, DNA methyltransferase 3-like protein (Dnmt3L), are both required for the de novo DNA methylation of imprinted genes in mammalian germ cells. Dnmt3L interacts specifically with unmethylated lysine 4 of histone H3 through its amino-terminal PHD (plant homeodomain)-like domain. Here we show, with the use of crystallography, that the carboxy-terminal domain of human Dnmt3L interacts with the catalytic domain of Dnmt3a, demonstrating that Dnmt3L has dual functions of binding the unmethylated histone tail and activating DNA methyltransferase. The complexed C-terminal domains of Dnmt3a and Dnmt3L showed further dimerization through Dnmt3a-Dnmt3a interaction, forming a tetrameric complex with two active sites. Substitution of key non-catalytic residues at the Dnmt3a-Dnmt3L interface or the Dnmt3a-Dnmt3a interface eliminated enzymatic activity. Molecular modelling of a DNA-Dnmt3a dimer indicated that the two active sites are separated by about one DNA helical turn. The C-terminal domain of Dnmt3a oligomerizes on DNA to form a nucleoprotein filament. A periodicity in the activity of Dnmt3a on long DNA revealed a correlation of methylated CpG sites at distances of eight to ten base pairs, indicating that oligomerization leads Dnmt3a to methylate DNA in a periodic pattern. A similar periodicity is observed for the frequency of CpG sites in the differentially methylated regions of 12 maternally imprinted mouse genes. These results suggest a basis for the recognition and methylation of differentially methylated regions in imprinted genes, involving the detection of both nucleosome modification and CpG spacing.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, 1510 Clifton Road, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 3A ADEH295Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: DNMT3A
EC: 2.1.1.37
Find proteins for Q9Y6K1 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9Y6K1 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9Y6K1
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q9Y6K1
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 3-like BCFG230Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: DNMT3L
Find proteins for Q9UJW3 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9UJW3 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9UJW3
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q9UJW3
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SAH
Query on SAH

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, D, E, H
S-ADENOSYL-L-HOMOCYSTEINE
C14 H20 N6 O5 S
ZJUKTBDSGOFHSH-WFMPWKQPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
SAHIC50:  50000   nM  BindingDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.89 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.281 
  • R-Value Work: 0.259 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.259 
  • Space Group: H 3
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 401.881α = 90
b = 401.881β = 90
c = 49.689γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASESphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2007-07-29 
  • Released Date: 2007-12-04 
  • Deposition Author(s): Jia, D., Cheng, X.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2007-12-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance