2PYM

HIV-1 PR mutant in complex with nelfinavir


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Molecular analysis of the HIV-1 resistance development: enzymatic activities, crystal structures, and thermodynamics of nelfinavir-resistant HIV protease mutants

Kozisek, M.Bray, J.Rezacova, P.Saskova, K.Brynda, J.Pokorna, J.Mammano, F.Rulisek, L.Konvalinka, J.

(2007) J Mol Biol 374: 1005-1016

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2007.09.083
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) encodes an aspartic protease (PR) that cleaves viral polyproteins into mature proteins, thus leading to the formation of infectious particles. Protease inhibitors (PIs) are successful virostatics. However, their eff ...

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) encodes an aspartic protease (PR) that cleaves viral polyproteins into mature proteins, thus leading to the formation of infectious particles. Protease inhibitors (PIs) are successful virostatics. However, their efficiency is compromised by antiviral resistance. In the PR sequence of viral variants resistant to the PI nelfinavir, the mutations D30N and L90M appear frequently. However, these two mutations are seldom found together in vivo, suggesting that there are two alternative evolutionary pathways leading to nelfinavir resistance. Here we analyze the proteolytic activities, X-ray structures, and thermodynamics of inhibitor binding to HIV-1 PRs harboring the D30N and L90M mutations alone and in combination with other compensatory mutations. Vitality values obtained for recombinant mutant proteases and selected PR inhibitors confirm the crucial role of mutations in positions 30 and 90 for nelfinavir resistance. The combination of the D30N and L90M mutations significantly increases the enzyme vitality in the presence of nelfinavir, without a dramatic decrease in the catalytic efficiency of the recombinant enzyme. Crystal structures, molecular dynamics simulations, and calorimetric data for four mutants (D30N, D30N/A71V, D30N/N88D, and D30N/L90M) were used to augment our kinetic data. Calorimetric analysis revealed that the entropic contribution to the mutant PR/nelfinavir interaction is less favorable than the entropic contribution to the binding of nelfinavir by wild-type PR. This finding is supported by the structural data and simulations; nelfinavir binds most strongly to the wild-type protease, which has the lowest number of protein-ligand hydrogen bonds and whose structure exhibits the greatest degree of fluctuation upon inhibitor binding.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Gilead Sciences and IOCB Research Center, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Flemingovo nám. 2, 166 10 Praha 6, Czech Republic.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEASE RETROPEPSIN
A, B
99Human immunodeficiency virus 1Mutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: gag-pol
EC: 3.4.23.16 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.7.49 (UniProt), 2.7.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1.26.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13.2 (UniProt), 2.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P03367 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate BRU/LAI))
Go to UniProtKB:  P03367
Protein Feature View
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
1UN
Query on 1UN

Download CCD File 
A
2-[2-HYDROXY-3-(3-HYDROXY-2-METHYL-BENZOYLAMINO)-4-PHENYL SULFANYL-BUTYL]-DECAHYDRO-ISOQUINOLINE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACID TERT-BUTYLAMIDE
C32 H45 N3 O4 S
QAGYKUNXZHXKMR-HKWSIXNMSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
1UNIC50:  530   nM  BindingDB
1UNKi:  2   nM  BindingDB
1UNKd :  150   nM  PDBBind
1UNKi:  18   nM  Binding MOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 
  • Space Group: P 61
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 62.218α = 90
b = 62.218β = 90
c = 81.415γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-02-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance