2PQB

CP4 EPSPS liganded with (R)-difluoromethyl tetrahedral intermediate analog


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.194 
  • R-Value Work: 0.153 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Differential inhibition of class I and class II 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthases by tetrahedral reaction intermediate analogues.

Funke, T.Healy-Fried, M.L.Han, H.Alberg, D.G.Bartlett, P.A.Schonbrunn, E.

(2007) Biochemistry 46: 13344-13351

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi701095u
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The shikimate pathway enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSP synthase or EPSPS) is best known as the target of the herbicide glyphosate. EPSPS is also considered an attractive target for the development of novel antibiotics since th ...

    The shikimate pathway enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSP synthase or EPSPS) is best known as the target of the herbicide glyphosate. EPSPS is also considered an attractive target for the development of novel antibiotics since the pathogenicity of many microorganisms depends on the functionality of the shikimate pathway. Here, we have investigated the inhibitory potency of stable fluorinated or phosphonate-based analogues of the tetrahedral reaction intermediate (TI) in a parallel study utilizing class I (glyphosate-sensitive) and class II (glyphosate-tolerant) EPSPS. The (R)-difluoromethyl and (R)-phosphonate analogues of the TI are the most potent inhibitors of EPSPS described to date. However, we found that class II EPSPS are up to 400 times less sensitive to inhibition by these TI analogues. X-ray crystallographic data revealed that the conformational changes of active site residues observed upon inhibitor binding to the representative class I EPSPS from Escherichia coli do not occur in the prototypical class II enzyme from Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4. It appears that because the active sites of class II EPSPS do not possess the flexibility to accommodate these TI analogues, the analogues themselves undergo conformational changes, resulting in less favorable inhibitory properties. Since pathogenic microorganisms such as Staphylococcus aureus utilize class II EPSPS, we conclude that the rational design of novel EPSPS inhibitors with potential as broad-spectrum antibiotics should be based on the active site structures of class II EPSP synthases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
3-phosphoshikimate 1-carboxyvinyltransferase
A
445Agrobacterium sp. (strain CP4)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: aroA
EC: 2.5.1.19
Find proteins for Q9R4E4 (Agrobacterium sp. (strain CP4))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9R4E4
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GG9
Query on GG9

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
(3R,4S,5R)-5-[(1R)-1-CARBOXY-2,2-DIFLUORO-1-(PHOSPHONOOXY)ETHOXY]-4-HYDROXY-3-(PHOSPHONOOXY)CYCLOHEX-1-ENE-1-CARBOXYLIC ACID
C10 H14 F2 O14 P2
OHXHNRRSMKIHDJ-VFWNUGQXSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
GG9Ki: 63 nM BINDINGMOAD
GG9Kd: 63 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.194 
  • R-Value Work: 0.153 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 63.400α = 90.00
b = 44.960β = 106.10
c = 77.560γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSphasing
CNSrefinement
XDSdata scaling
XDSdata reduction
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
CrystalCleardata collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-03-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance