2PK6

Crystal Structure of HIV-1 Protease (Q7K, L33I, L63I) in Complex with KNI-10033


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.45 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.207 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Compensating enthalpic and entropic changes hinder binding affinity optimization.

Lafont, V.Armstrong, A.A.Ohtaka, H.Kiso, Y.Mario Amzel, L.Freire, E.

(2007) Chem Biol Drug Des 69: 413-422

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-0285.2007.00519.x
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A common strategy to improve the potency of drug candidates is to introduce chemical functionalities, like hydrogen bond donors or acceptors, at positions where they are able to establish strong interactions with the target. However, it is often obse ...

    A common strategy to improve the potency of drug candidates is to introduce chemical functionalities, like hydrogen bond donors or acceptors, at positions where they are able to establish strong interactions with the target. However, it is often observed that the added functionalities do not necessarily improve potency even if they form strong hydrogen bonds. Here, we explore the thermodynamic and structural basis for those observations. KNI-10033 is a potent experimental HIV-1 protease inhibitor with picomolar affinity against the wild-type enzyme (K(d) = 13 pm). The potency of the inhibitor is the result of favorable enthalpic (DeltaH = -8.2 kcal/mol) and entropic (-TDeltaS = -6.7 kcal/mol) interactions. The replacement of the thioether group in KNI-10033 by a sulfonyl group (KNI-10075) results in a strong hydrogen bond with the amide of Asp 30B of the HIV-1 protease. This additional hydrogen bond improves the binding enthalpy by 3.9 kcal/mol; however, the enthalpy gain is completely compensated by an entropy loss, resulting in no affinity change. Crystallographic and thermodynamic analysis of the inhibitor/protease complexes indicates that the entropy losses are due to a combination of conformational and solvation effects. These results provide a set of practical guidelines aimed at overcoming enthalpy/entropy compensation and improve binding potency.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Protease
A, B
99Human immunodeficiency virus 1Mutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: gag-polORF
Find proteins for Q9Q2G8 (Human immunodeficiency virus 1)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9Q2G8
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
O33
Query on O33

Download CCD File 
B
(4R)-N-[(1S,2R)-2-hydroxy-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl]-3-[(2S,3S)-2-hydroxy-3-({N-[(isoquinolin-5-yloxy)acetyl]-S-methyl- L-cysteinyl}amino)-4-phenylbutanoyl]-5,5-dimethyl-1,3-thiazolidine-4-carboxamide
C40 H45 N5 O7 S2
NLPSIHQYIUXYOW-SHJYOGRKSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
B
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules 1 Unique
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_000585 (O33)
Query on PRD_000585
BKNI-10033Peptide-like /  Inhibitor

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External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
O33Kd :  0.013000000268220901   nM  PDBBind
O33Kd:  0.013000000268220901   nM  Binding MOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.45 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.207 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 58.436α = 90
b = 85.99β = 90
c = 46.596γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-05-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2012-12-12
    Changes: Other
  • Version 1.4: 2017-10-18
    Changes: Refinement description