2PCO

Spatial Structure and Membrane Permeabilization for Latarcin-1, a Spider Antimicrobial Peptide


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 

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This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Three-dimensional structure/hydrophobicity of latarcins specifies their mode of membrane activity.

Dubovskii, P.V.Volynsky, P.E.Polyansky, A.A.Karpunin, D.V.Chupin, V.V.Efremov, R.G.Arseniev, A.S.

(2008) Biochemistry 47: 3525-3533

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi702203w
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2PCO

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Latarcins, linear peptides from the Lachesana tarabaevi spider venom, exhibit a broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, likely acting on the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane. We study their spatial structures and interaction with model membranes by a combination of experimental and theoretical methods to reveal the structure-activity relationship ...

    Latarcins, linear peptides from the Lachesana tarabaevi spider venom, exhibit a broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, likely acting on the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane. We study their spatial structures and interaction with model membranes by a combination of experimental and theoretical methods to reveal the structure-activity relationship. In this work, a 26 amino acid peptide, Ltc1, was investigated. Its spatial structure in detergent micelles was determined by (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and refined by Monte Carlo simulations in an implicit water-octanol slab. The Ltc1 molecule was found to form a straight uninterrupted amphiphilic helix comprising 8-23 residues. A dye-leakage fluorescent assay and (31)P NMR spectroscopy established that the peptide does not induce the release of fluorescent marker nor deteriorate the bilayer structure of the membranes. The voltage-clamp technique showed that Ltc1 induces the current fluctuations through planar membranes when the sign of the applied potential coincides with the one across the bacterial inner membrane. This implies that Ltc1 acts on the membranes via a specific mechanism, which is different from the carpet mode demonstrated by another latarcin, Ltc2a, featuring a helix-hinge-helix structure with a hydrophobicity gradient along the peptide chain. In contrast, the hydrophobic surface of the Ltc1 helix is narrow-shaped and extends with no gradient along the axis. We have also disclosed a number of peptides, structurally homologous to Ltc1 and exhibiting similar membrane activity. This indicates that the hydrophobic pattern of the Ltc1 helix and related antimicrobial peptides specifies their activity mechanism. The latter assumes the formation of variable-sized lesions, which depend upon the potential across the membrane.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, 16/10 Miklukho-Maklaya Str., Moscow 117997, Russia. peter@nmr.ru



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Latarcin-1A26N/AMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q1ELT9 (Lachesana tarabaevi)
Explore Q1ELT9 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q1ELT9
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 
  • OLDERADO: 2PCO Olderado

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2008-03-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance