2O6X

Crystal Structure of ProCathepsin L1 from Fasciola hepatica


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.165 
  • R-Value Work: 0.128 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural and functional relationships in the virulence-associated cathepsin L proteases of the parasitic liver fluke, Fasciola hepatica.

Stack, C.M.Caffrey, C.R.Donnelly, S.M.Seshaadri, A.Lowther, J.Tort, J.F.Collins, P.R.Robinson, M.W.Xu, W.McKerrow, J.H.Craik, C.S.Geiger, S.R.Marion, R.Brinen, L.S.Dalton, J.P.

(2008) J.Biol.Chem. 283: 9896-9908

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M708521200

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The helminth parasite Fasciola hepatica secretes cysteine proteases to facilitate tissue invasion, migration, and development within the mammalian host. The major proteases cathepsin L1 (FheCL1) and cathepsin L2 (FheCL2) were recombinantly produced a ...

    The helminth parasite Fasciola hepatica secretes cysteine proteases to facilitate tissue invasion, migration, and development within the mammalian host. The major proteases cathepsin L1 (FheCL1) and cathepsin L2 (FheCL2) were recombinantly produced and biochemically characterized. By using site-directed mutagenesis, we show that residues at position 67 and 205, which lie within the S2 pocket of the active site, are critical in determining the substrate and inhibitor specificity. FheCL1 exhibits a broader specificity and a higher substrate turnover rate compared with FheCL2. However, FheCL2 can efficiently cleave substrates with a Pro in the P2 position and degrade collagen within the triple helices at physiological pH, an activity that among cysteine proteases has only been reported for human cathepsin K. The 1.4-A three-dimensional structure of the FheCL1 was determined by x-ray crystallography, and the three-dimensional structure of FheCL2 was constructed via homology-based modeling. Analysis and comparison of these structures and our biochemical data with those of human cathepsins L and K provided an interpretation of the substrate-recognition mechanisms of these major parasite proteases. Furthermore, our studies suggest that a configuration involving residue 67 and the "gatekeeper" residues 157 and 158 situated at the entrance of the active site pocket create a topology that endows FheCL2 with its unusual collagenolytic activity. The emergence of a specialized collagenolytic function in Fasciola likely contributes to the success of this tissue-invasive parasite.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute for the Biotechnology of Infectious Diseases, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2007, Australia.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Secreted cathepsin L 1
A
310Fasciola hepaticaMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: Cat-1
EC: 3.4.22.-
Find proteins for Q24940 (Fasciola hepatica)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q24940
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.165 
  • R-Value Work: 0.128 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 57.271α = 90.00
b = 105.961β = 90.00
c = 49.180γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
SCALAdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
Blu-Icedata collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-12-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-18
    Type: Refinement description