2NP0

Crystal structure of the Botulinum neurotoxin type B complexed with synaptotagamin-II ectodomain


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.62 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.188 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis of cell surface receptor recognition by botulinum neurotoxin B.

Chai, Q.Arndt, J.W.Dong, M.Tepp, W.H.Johnson, E.A.Chapman, E.R.Stevens, R.C.

(2006) Nature 444: 1096-1100

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature05411
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2NP0

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are potent bacterial toxins that cause paralysis at femtomolar concentrations by blocking neurotransmitter release. A 'double receptor' model has been proposed in which BoNTs recognize nerve terminals via interactions with both gangliosides and protein receptors that mediate their entry ...

    Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are potent bacterial toxins that cause paralysis at femtomolar concentrations by blocking neurotransmitter release. A 'double receptor' model has been proposed in which BoNTs recognize nerve terminals via interactions with both gangliosides and protein receptors that mediate their entry. Of seven BoNTs (subtypes A-G), the putative receptors for BoNT/A, BoNT/B and BoNT/G have been identified, but the molecular details that govern recognition remain undefined. Here we report the crystal structure of full-length BoNT/B in complex with the synaptotagmin II (Syt-II) recognition domain at 2.6 A resolution. The structure of the complex reveals that Syt-II forms a short helix that binds to a hydrophobic groove within the binding domain of BoNT/B. In addition, mutagenesis of amino acid residues within this interface on Syt-II affects binding of BoNT/B. Structural and sequence analysis reveals that this hydrophobic groove is conserved in the BoNT/G and BoNT/B subtypes, but varies in other clostridial neurotoxins. Furthermore, molecular docking studies using the ganglioside G(T1b) indicate that its binding site is more extensive than previously proposed and might form contacts with both BoNT/B and synaptotagmin. The results provide structural insights into how BoNTs recognize protein receptors and reveal a promising target for blocking toxin-receptor recognition.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Botulinum neurotoxin type BA1290Clostridium botulinumMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: botB
EC: 3.4.24.69
Find proteins for P10844 (Clostridium botulinum)
Explore P10844 
Go to UniProtKB:  P10844
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Synaptotagmin-2B21Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Syt2
Find proteins for P46097 (Mus musculus)
Explore P46097 
Go to UniProtKB:  P46097
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A], E [auth A], G [auth A]CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A]CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.62 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.188 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 170.415α = 90
b = 351.971β = 90
c = 101.968γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-12-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance