2MMZ

Solution structure of the apo form of human glutaredoxin 5


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 80 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

[2Fe-2S] cluster transfer in iron-sulfur protein biogenesis.

Banci, L.Brancaccio, D.Ciofi-Baffoni, S.Del Conte, R.Gadepalli, R.Mikolajczyk, M.Neri, S.Piccioli, M.Winkelmann, J.

(2014) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111: 6203-6208

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1400102111
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2MMZ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Monothiol glutaredoxins play a crucial role in iron-sulfur (Fe/S) protein biogenesis. Essentially all of them can coordinate a [2Fe-2S] cluster and have been proposed to mediate the transfer of [2Fe-2S] clusters from scaffold proteins to target apo proteins, possibly by acting as cluster transfer proteins ...

    Monothiol glutaredoxins play a crucial role in iron-sulfur (Fe/S) protein biogenesis. Essentially all of them can coordinate a [2Fe-2S] cluster and have been proposed to mediate the transfer of [2Fe-2S] clusters from scaffold proteins to target apo proteins, possibly by acting as cluster transfer proteins. The molecular basis of [2Fe-2S] cluster transfer from monothiol glutaredoxins to target proteins is a fundamental, but still unresolved, aspect to be defined in Fe/S protein biogenesis. In mitochondria monothiol glutaredoxin 5 (GRX5) is involved in the maturation of all cellular Fe/S proteins and participates in cellular iron regulation. Here we show that the structural plasticity of the dimeric state of the [2Fe-2S] bound form of human GRX5 (holo hGRX5) is the crucial factor that allows an efficient cluster transfer to the partner proteins human ISCA1 and ISCA2 by a specific protein-protein recognition mechanism. Holo hGRX5 works as a metallochaperone preventing the [2Fe-2S] cluster to be released in solution in the presence of physiological concentrations of glutathione and forming a transient, cluster-mediated protein-protein intermediate with two physiological protein partners receiving the [2Fe-2S] cluster. The cluster transfer mechanism defined here may extend to other mitochondrial [2Fe-2S] target proteins.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Magnetic Resonance Center and Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence, Italy.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Glutaredoxin-related protein 5, mitochondrialA121Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GLRX5C14orf87
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q86SX6 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q86SX6 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q86SX6
PHAROS:  Q86SX6
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 80 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 
  • OLDERADO: 2MMZ Olderado

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-04-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-05-21
    Changes: Database references