2MKL

Solution structure of the fourth constant immunoglobulin domain of nurse shark IgNAR


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 20 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with acceptable covalent geometry 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The structural analysis of shark IgNAR antibodies reveals evolutionary principles of immunoglobulins.

Feige, M.J.Grawert, M.A.Marcinowski, M.Hennig, J.Behnke, J.Auslander, D.Herold, E.M.Peschek, J.Castro, C.D.Flajnik, M.Hendershot, L.M.Sattler, M.Groll, M.Buchner, J.

(2014) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 111: 8155-8160

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1321502111
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  4Q97, 4Q9B, 4Q9C

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Sharks and other cartilaginous fish are the phylogenetically oldest living organisms that rely on antibodies as part of their adaptive immune system. They produce the immunoglobulin new antigen receptor (IgNAR), a homodimeric heavy chain-only antibod ...

    Sharks and other cartilaginous fish are the phylogenetically oldest living organisms that rely on antibodies as part of their adaptive immune system. They produce the immunoglobulin new antigen receptor (IgNAR), a homodimeric heavy chain-only antibody, as a major part of their humoral adaptive immune response. Here, we report the atomic resolution structure of the IgNAR constant domains and a structural model of this heavy chain-only antibody. We find that despite low sequence conservation, the basic Ig fold of modern antibodies is already present in the evolutionary ancient shark IgNAR domains, highlighting key structural determinants of the ubiquitous Ig fold. In contrast, structural differences between human and shark antibody domains explain the high stability of several IgNAR domains and allowed us to engineer human antibodies for increased stability and secretion efficiency. We identified two constant domains, C1 and C3, that act as dimerization modules within IgNAR. Together with the individual domain structures and small-angle X-ray scattering, this allowed us to develop a structural model of the complete IgNAR molecule. Its constant region exhibits an elongated shape with flexibility and a characteristic kink in the middle. Despite the lack of a canonical hinge region, the variable domains are spaced appropriately wide for binding to multiple antigens. Thus, the shark IgNAR domains already display the well-known Ig fold, but apart from that, this heavy chain-only antibody employs unique ways for dimerization and positioning of functional modules.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Tumor Cell Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105; matthias.feige@stjude.org.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Novel antigen receptor
C
105Ginglymostoma cirratumN/A
Find proteins for Q90544 (Ginglymostoma cirratum)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q90544
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 20 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with acceptable covalent geometry 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-07-02
    Type: Initial release