2MGU

Structure of the complex between calmodulin and the binding domain of HIV-1 matrix protein


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 

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This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Solution Structure of Calmodulin Bound to the Binding Domain of the HIV-1 Matrix Protein.

Vlach, J.Samal, A.B.Saad, J.S.

(2014) J Biol Chem 289: 8697-8705

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.543694
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2MGU

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Subcellular distribution of calmodulin (CaM) in human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1)-infected cells is distinct from that observed in uninfected cells. CaM co-localizes and interacts with the HIV-1 Gag protein in the cytosol of infected cells. Although it has been shown that binding of Gag to CaM is mediated by the matrix (MA) domain, the structural details of this interaction are not known ...

    Subcellular distribution of calmodulin (CaM) in human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1)-infected cells is distinct from that observed in uninfected cells. CaM co-localizes and interacts with the HIV-1 Gag protein in the cytosol of infected cells. Although it has been shown that binding of Gag to CaM is mediated by the matrix (MA) domain, the structural details of this interaction are not known. We have recently shown that binding of CaM to MA induces a conformational change that triggers myristate exposure, and that the CaM-binding domain of MA is confined to a region spanning residues 8-43 (MA-(8-43)). Here, we present the NMR structure of CaM bound to MA-(8-43). Our data revealed that MA-(8-43), which contains a novel CaM-binding motif, binds to CaM in an antiparallel mode with the N-terminal helix (α1) anchored to the CaM C-terminal lobe, and the C-terminal helix (α2) of MA-(8-43) bound to the N-terminal lobe of CaM. The CaM protein preserves a semiextended conformation. Binding of MA-(8-43) to CaM is mediated by numerous hydrophobic interactions and stabilized by favorable electrostatic contacts. Our structural data are consistent with the findings that CaM induces unfolding of the MA protein to have access to helices α1 and α2. It is noteworthy that several MA residues involved in CaM binding have been previously implicated in membrane binding, envelope incorporation, and particle production. The present findings may ultimately help in identification of the functional role of CaM in HIV-1 replication.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Department of Microbiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
CalmodulinA148Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 
Calm1CalmCamCam1Calm2Cam2CambCalm3Cam3Camc...
Calm1CalmCamCam1Calm2Cam2CambCalm3Cam3CamcCaMI

Find proteins for P0DP29 (Rattus norvegicus)
Explore P0DP29 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DP29
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
MA8-43B [auth M]36Human immunodeficiency virus 1Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: gag
Find proteins for P12493 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate NY5))
Explore P12493 
Go to UniProtKB:  P12493
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 
  • OLDERADO: 2MGU Olderado

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-02-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-05-07
    Changes: Database references