2MGU

Structure of the complex between calmodulin and the binding domain of HIV-1 matrix protein


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Solution Structure of Calmodulin Bound to the Binding Domain of the HIV-1 Matrix Protein.

Vlach, J.Samal, A.B.Saad, J.S.

(2014) J.Biol.Chem. 289: 8697-8705

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.543694

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Subcellular distribution of calmodulin (CaM) in human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1)-infected cells is distinct from that observed in uninfected cells. CaM co-localizes and interacts with the HIV-1 Gag protein in the cytosol of infected cells. ...

    Subcellular distribution of calmodulin (CaM) in human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1)-infected cells is distinct from that observed in uninfected cells. CaM co-localizes and interacts with the HIV-1 Gag protein in the cytosol of infected cells. Although it has been shown that binding of Gag to CaM is mediated by the matrix (MA) domain, the structural details of this interaction are not known. We have recently shown that binding of CaM to MA induces a conformational change that triggers myristate exposure, and that the CaM-binding domain of MA is confined to a region spanning residues 8-43 (MA-(8-43)). Here, we present the NMR structure of CaM bound to MA-(8-43). Our data revealed that MA-(8-43), which contains a novel CaM-binding motif, binds to CaM in an antiparallel mode with the N-terminal helix (α1) anchored to the CaM C-terminal lobe, and the C-terminal helix (α2) of MA-(8-43) bound to the N-terminal lobe of CaM. The CaM protein preserves a semiextended conformation. Binding of MA-(8-43) to CaM is mediated by numerous hydrophobic interactions and stabilized by favorable electrostatic contacts. Our structural data are consistent with the findings that CaM induces unfolding of the MA protein to have access to helices α1 and α2. It is noteworthy that several MA residues involved in CaM binding have been previously implicated in membrane binding, envelope incorporation, and particle production. The present findings may ultimately help in identification of the functional role of CaM in HIV-1 replication.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Department of Microbiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Calmodulin
A
148Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Calm3 (Cam3, Camc, CaMIII)
Find proteins for P0DP31 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DP31
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
MA8-43
M
36Human immunodeficiency virus 1Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: gag
Find proteins for Q7ZJG2 (Human immunodeficiency virus 1)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q7ZJG2
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-02-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-05-07
    Type: Database references