Solution structures of polcalcin Phl p 7 in three ligation states: Apo-, hemi-Mg(2+) -bound, and fully Ca(2+) -bound.Henzl, M.T., Sirianni, A.G., Wycoff, W.G., Tan, A., Tanner, J.J.
(2013) Proteins 81: 300-315
- PubMed: 23011803
- DOI: 10.1002/prot.24186
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  2LVJ, 2LVK
- PubMed Abstract:
Polcalcins are small EF-hand proteins believed to assist in regulating pollen-tube growth. Phl p 7, from timothy grass (Phleum pratense), crystallizes as a domain-swapped dimer at low pH. This study describes the solution structures of the recombinan ...
Polcalcins are small EF-hand proteins believed to assist in regulating pollen-tube growth. Phl p 7, from timothy grass (Phleum pratense), crystallizes as a domain-swapped dimer at low pH. This study describes the solution structures of the recombinant protein in buffered saline at pH 6.0, containing either 5.0 mM EDTA, 5.0 mM Mg(2+), or 100 μM Ca(2+). Phl p 7 is monomeric in all three ligation states. In the apo-form, both EF-hand motifs reside in the closed conformation, with roughly antiparallel N- and C-terminal helical segments. In 5.0 mM Mg(2+), the divalent ion is bound by EF-hand 2, perturbing interhelical angles and imposing more regular helical structure. The structure of Ca(2+)-bound Phl p 7 resembles that previously reported for Bet v 4-likewise exposing apolar surface to the solvent. Occluded in the apo- and Mg(2+)-bound forms, this surface presumably provides the docking site for Phl p 7 targets. Unlike Bet v 4, EF-hand 2 in Phl p 7 includes five potential anionic ligands, due to replacement of the consensus serine residue at -x (residue 55 in Phl p 7) with aspartate. In the Phl p 7 crystal structure, D55 functions as a helix cap for helix D. In solution, however, D55 apparently serves as a ligand to the bound Ca(2+). When Mg(2+) resides in site 2, the D55 carboxylate withdraws to a distance consistent with a role as an outer-sphere ligand. (15)N relaxation data, collected at 600 MHz, indicate that backbone mobility is limited in all three ligation states.
Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org