2KLU

NMR structure of the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains of human CD4


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

NMR structure of the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains of human CD4 in micelles.

Wittlich, M.Thiagarajan, P.Koenig, B.W.Hartmann, R.Willbold, D.

(2010) Biochim Biophys Acta 1798: 122-127

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2009.09.010
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2KLU

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The human cluster determinant 4 (CD4) is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein involved in T-cell signalling. It is expressed primarily on the surface of T helper cells but also on subsets of memory and regulatory T lymphocytes (CD4(+) cells). It serve ...

    The human cluster determinant 4 (CD4) is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein involved in T-cell signalling. It is expressed primarily on the surface of T helper cells but also on subsets of memory and regulatory T lymphocytes (CD4(+) cells). It serves as a coreceptor in T-cell receptor recognition of MHC II antigen complexes. Besides its cellular functions, CD4 serves as the main receptor for human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1). During T-cell infection, the CD4 extracellular domain is bound by HIV-1 gp120, the viral surface glycoprotein, which triggers a number of conformational changes ultimately resulting in virion entry of the cell. Subsequently, CD4 is downregulated in infected cells by multiple strategies that involve direct interactions of the HIV-1 proteins VpU and Nef with the cytoplasmic part of CD4. In the present work, we describe the NOE-based solution structure of the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains of the cystein-free variant of CD4 (CD4mut) in dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) micelles. Furthermore, we have characterized micelle-inserted CD4mut by paramagentic relaxation enhancement (PRE) agents and (1)H-(15)N heteronuclear NOE data. CD4mut features a stable and well-defined transmembrane helix from M372 to V395 buried in the micellar core and a cytoplasmic helix ranging from A404 to L413. Experimental data suggest the amphipathic cytoplasmic helix to be in close contact with the micellar surface. The role of the amphipathic helix and its interaction with the micellar surface is discussed with respect to the biological function of the full-length CD4 protein.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Forschungszentrum Jülich, Institut für Strukturbiochemie (ISB-3), 52425 Jülich, Germany.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
T-cell surface glycoprotein CD4A70Homo sapiensMutation(s): 5 
Gene Names: CD4
Find proteins for P01730 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01730 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01730
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P01730
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • OLDERADO: 2KLU Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-10-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance