2K6O

Human LL-37 Structure


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structures of human host defense cathelicidin LL-37 and its smallest antimicrobial peptide KR-12 in lipid micelles

Wang, G.

(2008) J Biol Chem 283: 32637-32643

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M805533200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2K6O

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • As a key component of the innate immunity system, human cathelicidin LL-37 plays an essential role in protecting humans against infectious diseases. To elucidate the structural basis for its targeting bacterial membrane, we have determined the high quality structure of (13)C,(15)N-labeled LL-37 by three-dimensional triple-resonance NMR spectroscopy, because two-dimensional (1)H NMR did not provide sufficient spectral resolution ...

    As a key component of the innate immunity system, human cathelicidin LL-37 plays an essential role in protecting humans against infectious diseases. To elucidate the structural basis for its targeting bacterial membrane, we have determined the high quality structure of (13)C,(15)N-labeled LL-37 by three-dimensional triple-resonance NMR spectroscopy, because two-dimensional (1)H NMR did not provide sufficient spectral resolution. The structure of LL-37 in SDS micelles is composed of a curved amphipathic helix-bend-helix motif spanning residues 2-31 followed by a disordered C-terminal tail. The helical bend is located between residues Gly-14 and Glu-16. Similar chemical shifts and (15)N nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) patterns of the peptide in complex with dioctanoylphosphatidylglycerol (D8PG) micelles indicate a similar structure. The aromatic rings of Phe-5, Phe-6, Phe-17, and Phe-27 of LL-37, as well as arginines, showed intermolecular NOE cross-peaks with D8PG, providing direct evidence for the association of the entire amphipathic helix with anionic lipid micelles. The structure of LL-37 serves as a model for understanding the structure and function relationship of homologous primate cathelicidins. Using synthetic peptides, we also identified the smallest antibacterial peptide KR-12 corresponding to residues 18-29 of LL-37. Importantly, KR-12 displayed a selective toxic effect on bacteria but not human cells. NMR structural analysis revealed a short three-turn amphipathic helix rich in positively charged side chains, allowing for effective competition for anionic phosphatidylglycerols in bacterial membranes. KR-12 may be a useful peptide template for developing novel antimicrobial agents of therapeutic use.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Allied Diseases, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska 68198-6805, USA. gwang@unmc.edu



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Cathelicidin antimicrobial peptideA37Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CAMPCAP18FALL39HSD26
Membrane Entity: Yes 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P49913 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P49913 
Go to UniProtKB:  P49913
PHAROS:  P49913
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • OLDERADO: 2K6O Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2008-07-14 
  • Released Date: 2008-09-23 
  • Deposition Author(s): Wang, G.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2008-09-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance