Molecular structure and metal-binding properties of the periplasmic CopK protein expressed in Cupriavidus metallidurans CH34 during copper challenge.Bersch, B., Favier, A., Schanda, P., van Aelst, S., Vallaeys, T., Coves, J., Mergeay, M., Wattiez, R.
(2008) J Mol Biol 380: 386-403
- PubMed: 18533181
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2008.05.017
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of the pMOL30-encoded copper resistance in Cupriavidus metallidurans strain CH34.
Monchy, S., Benotmane, M.A., Wattiez, R., van Aelst, S., Auquier, V., Borremans, B., Mergeay, M., Taghavi, S., van der Lelie, D., Vallaeys, T.
(2006) Microbiology (N Y) 152: 1765
The copK gene is localized on the pMOL30 plasmid of Cupriavidus metallidurans CH34 within the complex cop cluster of genes, for which 21 genes have been identified. The expression of the corresponding periplasmic CopK protein is strongly upregulated in the presence of copper, leading to a high periplasmic accumulation ...
The copK gene is localized on the pMOL30 plasmid of Cupriavidus metallidurans CH34 within the complex cop cluster of genes, for which 21 genes have been identified. The expression of the corresponding periplasmic CopK protein is strongly upregulated in the presence of copper, leading to a high periplasmic accumulation. The structure and metal-binding properties of CopK were investigated by NMR and mass spectrometry. The protein is dimeric in the apo state with a dissociation constant in the range of 10(-5) M estimated from analytical ultracentrifugation. Mass spectrometry revealed that CopK has two high-affinity Cu(I)-binding sites per monomer with different Cu(I) affinities. Binding of Cu(II) was observed but appeared to be non-specific. The solution structure of apo-CopK revealed an all-beta fold formed of two beta-sheets in perpendicular orientation with an unstructured C-terminal tail. The dimer interface is formed by the surface of the C-terminal beta-sheet. Binding of the first Cu(I)-ion induces a major structural modification involving dissociation of the dimeric apo-protein. Backbone chemical shifts determined for the 1Cu(I)-bound form confirm the conservation of the N-terminal beta-sheet, while the last strand of the C-terminal sheet appears in slow conformational exchange. We hypothesize that the partial disruption of the C-terminal beta-sheet is related to dimer dissociation. NH-exchange data acquired on the apo-protein are consistent with a lower thermodynamic stability of the C-terminal sheet. CopK contains seven methionine residues, five of which appear highly conserved. Chemical shift data suggest implication of two or three methionines (Met54, Met38, Met28) in the first Cu(I) site. Addition of a second Cu(I) ion further increases protein plasticity. Comparison of the structural and metal-binding properties of CopK with other periplasmic copper-binding proteins reveals two conserved features within these functionally related proteins: the all-beta fold and the methionine-rich Cu(I)-binding site.
Institut de Biologie Structurale Jean-Pierre Ebel, UMR5075, Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Joseph Fourier, F-38027 Grenoble, France. email@example.com