2JQ3

Structure and Dynamics of Human Apolipoprotein C-III


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure and Dynamics of Human Apolipoprotein CIII

Gangabadage, C.S.Zdunek, J.Tessari, M.Nilsson, S.Olivecrona, G.Wijmenga, S.S.

(2008) J.Biol.Chem. 283: 17416-17427

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M800756200

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human apolipoprotein CIII (apoCIII) is a surface component of chylomicrons, very low density lipoproteins, and high density lipoproteins. ApoCIII inhibits lipoprotein lipase as well as binding of lipoproteins to cell surface heparan sulfate proteogly ...

    Human apolipoprotein CIII (apoCIII) is a surface component of chylomicrons, very low density lipoproteins, and high density lipoproteins. ApoCIII inhibits lipoprotein lipase as well as binding of lipoproteins to cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans and receptors. High levels of apoCIII are often correlated with elevated levels of blood lipids (hypertriglyceridemia). Here, we report the three-dimensional NMR structure and dynamics of human apo-CIII in complex with SDS micelles, mimicking its natural lipid-bound state. Thanks to residual dipolar coupling data, the first detailed view is obtained of the structure and dynamics of an intact apolipoprotein in its lipid-bound state. ApoCIII wraps around the micelle surface as a necklace of six approximately 10-residue amphipathic helices, which are curved and connected via semiflexible hinges. Three positively charged (Lys) residues line the polar faces of helices 1 and 2. Interestingly, their three-dimensional conformation is similar to that of the low density lipoprotein receptor binding motifs of apoE/B and the receptor-associated protein. At the C-terminal side of apoCIII, an array of negatively charged residues lines the polar faces of helices 4 and 5 and the adjacent flexible loop. Sequence comparison shows that this asymmetric charge distribution along the solvent-exposed face of apoCIII as well as other structural features are conserved among mammals. This structure provides a template for exploration of molecular mechanisms by which human apoCIII inhibits lipoprotein lipase and receptor binding.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Physical Chemistry-Biophysical Chemistry, Radboud University of Nijmegen, Toernooiveld 1, 6525 ED, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Apolipoprotein C-III
A
79Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: APOC3
Find proteins for P02656 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: APOC3
Go to UniProtKB:  P02656
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • Olderado: 2JQ3 Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-04-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance