2HA5

Crystal structure of mutant S203A of acetylcholinesterase complexed with acetylthiocholine


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.177 

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This is version 2.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Substrate and product trafficking through the active center gorge of acetylcholinesterase analyzed by crystallography and equilibrium binding

Bourne, Y.Radic, Z.Sulzenbacher, G.Kim, E.Taylor, P.Marchot, P.

(2006) J Biol Chem 281: 29256-29267

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M603018200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2H9Y, 2HA0, 2HA2, 2HA3, 2HA4, 2HA5, 2HA6, 2HA7

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Hydrolysis of acetylcholine catalyzed by acetylcholinesterase (AChE), one of the most efficient enzymes in nature, occurs at the base of a deep and narrow active center gorge. At the entrance of the gorge, the peripheral anionic site provides a binding locus for allosteric ligands, including substrates ...

    Hydrolysis of acetylcholine catalyzed by acetylcholinesterase (AChE), one of the most efficient enzymes in nature, occurs at the base of a deep and narrow active center gorge. At the entrance of the gorge, the peripheral anionic site provides a binding locus for allosteric ligands, including substrates. To date, no structural information on substrate entry to the active center from the peripheral site of AChE or its subsequent egress has been reported. Complementary crystal structures of mouse AChE and an inactive mouse AChE mutant with a substituted catalytic serine (S203A), in various complexes with four substrates (acetylcholine, acetylthiocholine, succinyldicholine, and butyrylthiocholine), two non-hydrolyzable substrate analogues (m-(N,N,N-trimethylammonio)-trifluoroacetophenone and 4-ketoamyltrimethylammonium), and one reaction product (choline) were solved in the 2.05-2.65-A resolution range. These structures, supported by binding and inhibition data obtained on the same complexes, reveal the successive positions and orientations of the substrates bound to the peripheral site and proceeding within the gorge toward the active site, the conformations of the presumed transition state for acylation and the acyl-enzyme intermediate, and the positions and orientations of the dissociating and egressing products. Moreover, the structures of the AChE mutant in complexes with acetylthiocholine and succinyldicholine reveal additional substrate binding sites on the enzyme surface, distal to the gorge entry. Hence, we provide a comprehensive set of structural snapshots of the steps leading to the intermediates of catalysis and the potential regulation by substrate binding to various allosteric sites at the enzyme surface.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Ingénierie des Protéines, CNRS FRE-2738, Institut Fédératif de Recherche Jean Roche, Université dela Méditerranée, Faculté d eMédecine Secteur Nord, F-13916 Marseille Cedex 20, France.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
AcetylcholinesteraseA, B543Mus musculusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: Ache
EC: 3.1.1.7
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P21836 (Mus musculus)
Explore P21836 
Go to UniProtKB:  P21836
IMPC:  MGI:87876
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP21836
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseC 2N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G86851RC
GlyCosmos:  G86851RC
GlyGen:  G86851RC
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
P6G
Query on P6G

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
P [auth B]HEXAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C12 H26 O7
IIRDTKBZINWQAW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

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D [auth A]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
AT3
Query on AT3

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A],
H [auth A],
K [auth B],
M [auth B],
O [auth B]
ACETYLTHIOCHOLINE
C7 H16 N O S
GFFIJCYHQYHUHB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ETM
Query on ETM

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
G [auth A],
I [auth A],
L [auth B],
N [auth B]
2-(TRIMETHYLAMMONIUM)ETHYL THIOL
C5 H14 N S
VFUGTBZQGUVGEX-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A],
J [auth B]
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
AT3 PDBBind:  2HA5 Kd: 4.60e+4 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
ETM BindingDB:  2HA5 IC50: 4.40e+5 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.177 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 78.477α = 90
b = 109.837β = 90
c = 227.885γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
ADSCdata collection
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-07-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary
  • Version 2.1: 2021-11-10
    Changes: Advisory, Database references, Structure summary