Crystallographic studies of the binding of ligands to the dicarboxylate site of Complex II, and the identity of the ligand in theHuang, L.S., Shen, J.T., Wang, A.C., Berry, E.A.
(--) Biochim.Biophys.Acta 1757: 1073-1083
- PubMed: 16935256
- DOI: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2006.06.015
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Crystallization of mitochondrial respiratory complex II from chicken heart: a membrane-protein complex diffracting to 2.0 A
Huang, L.S.,Borders, T.M.,Shen, J.T.,Wang, C.J.,Berry, E.A.
(2005) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 61: 380
- 3-nitropropionic acid is a suicide inhibitor of mitochondrial respiration that, upon oxidation by complex II, forms a covalent adduct with a catalytic base arginine in the active site of the enzyme.
Huang, L.S.,Sun, G.,Cobessi, D.,Wang, A.C.,Shen, J.T.,Tung, E.Y.,Anderson, V.E.,Berry, E.A.
(2006) J.Biol.Chem. 281: 5965
- Crystal structure of mitochondrial respiratory membrane protein complex II.
Sun, F.,Huo, X.,Zhai, Y.,Wang, A.,Xu, J.,Su, D.,Bartlam, M.,Rao, Z.
(2005) Cell 121: 1043
Mitochondrial Complex II (succinate:ubiquinone oxidoreductase) is purified in a partially inactivated state, which can be activated by removal of tightly bound oxaloacetate (E.B. Kearney, et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 49 1115-1121). We cryst ...
Mitochondrial Complex II (succinate:ubiquinone oxidoreductase) is purified in a partially inactivated state, which can be activated by removal of tightly bound oxaloacetate (E.B. Kearney, et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 49 1115-1121). We crystallized Complex II in the presence of oxaloacetate or with the endogenous inhibitor bound. The structure showed a ligand essentially identical to the "malate-like intermediate" found in Shewanella Flavocytochrome c crystallized with fumarate (P. Taylor, et al., Nat. Struct. Biol. 6 1108-1112) Crystallization of Complex II in the presence of excess fumarate also gave the malate-like intermediate or a mixture of that and fumarate at the active site. In order to more conveniently monitor the occupation state of the dicarboxylate site, we are developing a library of UV/Vis spectral effects induced by binding different ligands to the site. Treatment with fumarate results in rapid development of the fumarate difference spectrum and then a very slow conversion into a species spectrally similar to the OAA-liganded complex. Complex II is known to be capable of oxidizing malate to the enol form of oxaloacetate (Y.O. Belikova, et al., Biochim. Biophys. Acta 936 1-9). The observations above suggest it may also be capable of interconverting fumarate and malate. It may be useful for understanding the mechanism and regulation of the enzyme to identify the malate-like intermediate and its pathway of formation from oxaloacetate or fumarate.
Physical Biosciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., MS 64-0121, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley CA 94720, USA.