2G50

The location of the allosteric amino acid binding site of muscle pyruvate kinase.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.174 
  • R-Value Work: 0.148 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Differentiating a Ligand's Chemical Requirements for Allosteric Interactions from Those for Protein Binding. Phenylalanine Inhibition of Pyruvate Kinase.

Williams, R.Holyoak, T.McDonald, G.Gui, C.Fenton, A.W.

(2006) Biochemistry 45: 5421-5429

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi0524262

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The isoform of pyruvate kinase from brain and muscle of mammals (M(1)-PYK) is allosterically inhibited by phenylalanine. Initial observations in this model allosteric system indicate that Ala binds competitively with Phe, but elicits a minimal allost ...

    The isoform of pyruvate kinase from brain and muscle of mammals (M(1)-PYK) is allosterically inhibited by phenylalanine. Initial observations in this model allosteric system indicate that Ala binds competitively with Phe, but elicits a minimal allosteric response. Thus, the allosteric ligand of this system must have requirements for eliciting an allosteric response in addition to the requirements for binding. Phe analogues have been used to dissect what chemical properties of Phe are responsible for eliciting the allosteric response. We first demonstrate that the l-2-aminopropanaldehyde substructure of the amino acid ligand is primarily responsible for binding to M(1)-PYK. Since the allosteric response to Ala is minimal and linear addition of methyl groups beyond the beta-carbon increase the magnitude of the allosteric response, we conclude that moieties beyond the beta-carbon are primarily responsible for allostery. Instead of an all-or-none mechanism of allostery, these findings support the idea that the bulk of the hydrophobic side chain, but not the aromatic nature, is the primary determinant of the magnitude of the observed allosteric inhibition. The use of these results to direct structural studies has resulted in a 1.65 A structure of M(1)-PYK with Ala bound. The coordination of Ala in the allosteric amino acid binding site confirms the binding role of the l-2-aminopropanaldehyde substructure of the ligand. Collectively, this study confirms that a ligand can have chemical regions specific for eliciting the allosteric signal in addition to the chemical regions necessary for binding.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Pyruvate kinase isozymes M1/M2
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
530Oryctolagus cuniculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PKM (PKM2)
EC: 2.7.1.40
Find proteins for P11974 (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
Go to Gene View: PKM
Go to UniProtKB:  P11974
Small Molecules
Ligands 8 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
K
Query on K

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A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
POTASSIUM ION
K
NPYPAHLBTDXSSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ETE
Query on ETE

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B
2-{2-[2-2-(METHOXY-ETHOXY)-ETHOXY]-ETHOXY}-ETHANOL
C9 H20 O5
ZNYRFEPBTVGZDN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MN
Query on MN

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

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A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PYR
Query on PYR

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A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
PYRUVIC ACID
C3 H4 O3
LCTONWCANYUPML-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

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A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ALA
Query on ALA

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
ALANINE
C3 H7 N O2
QNAYBMKLOCPYGJ-REOHCLBHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.174 
  • R-Value Work: 0.148 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 82.626α = 95.15
b = 109.014β = 93.45
c = 144.463γ = 112.26
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
DENZOdata reduction
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-05-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Refinement description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Type: Refinement description