2FYQ

Crystal Structure of the Norwalk Virus Protease


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.211 
  • R-Value Work: 0.185 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

X-ray crystallographic structure of the Norwalk virus protease at 1.5-A resolution.

Zeitler, C.E.Estes, M.K.Venkataram Prasad, B.V.

(2006) J.Virol. 80: 5050-5058

  • DOI: 10.1128/JVI.80.10.5050-5058.2006
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Norwalk virus (NV), a member of the Caliciviridae family, is the major cause of acute, epidemic, viral gastroenteritis. The NV genome is a positive sense, single-stranded RNA that encodes three open reading frames (ORFs). The first ORF produces a pol ...

    Norwalk virus (NV), a member of the Caliciviridae family, is the major cause of acute, epidemic, viral gastroenteritis. The NV genome is a positive sense, single-stranded RNA that encodes three open reading frames (ORFs). The first ORF produces a polyprotein that is processed by the viral cysteine protease into six nonstructural proteins. We have determined the structure of the NV protease to 1.5 and 2.2 A from crystals grown in the absence or presence, respectively, of the protease inhibitor AEBSF [4-(2-aminoethyl)-benzenesulfonyl fluoride]. The protease, which crystallizes as a stable dimer, exhibits a two-domain structure similar to those of other viral cysteine proteases with a catalytic triad composed of His 30, Glu 54, and Cys 139. The native structure of the protease reveals strong hydrogen bond interactions between His 30 and Glu 54, in the favorable syn configuration, indicating a role of Glu 54 during proteolysis. Mutation of this residue to Ala abolished the protease activity, in a fluorogenic peptide substrate assay, further substantiating the role of Glu 54 during proteolysis. These observations contrast with the suggestion, from a previous study of another norovirus protease, that this residue may not have a prominent role in proteolysis (K. Nakamura, Y. Someya, T. Kumasaka, G. Ueno, M. Yamamoto, T. Sato, N. Takeda, T. Miyamura, and N. Tanaka, J. Virol. 79:13685-13693, 2005). In the structure from crystals grown in the presence of AEBSF, Glu 54 undergoes a conformational change leading to disruption of the hydrogen bond interactions with His 30. Since AEBSF was not apparent in the electron density map, it is possible that these conformational changes are due to subtle changes in pH caused by its addition during crystallization.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Chymotrypsin-like cysteine proteinase
A
194Norwalk virus (strain GI/Human/United States/Norwalk/1968)Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q83883 (Norwalk virus (strain GI/Human/United States/Norwalk/1968))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q83883
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

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Download CCD File 
A
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.211 
  • R-Value Work: 0.185 
  • Space Group: P 65 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 121.833α = 90.00
b = 121.833β = 90.00
c = 51.369γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
d*TREKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-07-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance