2FK7

Crystal structure of Hma (MmaA4) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis, apo-form


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.232 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Further insight into S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methyltransferases: structural characterization of Hma, an enzyme essential for the biosynthesis of oxygenated mycolic acids in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Boissier, F.Bardou, F.Guillet, V.Uttenweiler-Joseph, S.Daffe, M.Quemard, A.Mourey, L.

(2006) J Biol Chem 281: 4434-4445

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M510250200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2FK7, 2FK8

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Mycolic acids are major and specific components of the cell envelope of Mycobacteria that include Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis. Their metabolism is the target of the most efficient antitubercular drug currently used in therapy, and the enzymes that are involved in the production of mycolic acids represent important targets for the development of new drugs effective against multidrug-resistant strains ...

    Mycolic acids are major and specific components of the cell envelope of Mycobacteria that include Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis. Their metabolism is the target of the most efficient antitubercular drug currently used in therapy, and the enzymes that are involved in the production of mycolic acids represent important targets for the development of new drugs effective against multidrug-resistant strains. Among these are the S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methyltransferases (SAM-MTs) that catalyze the introduction of key chemical modifications in defined positions of mycolic acids. Some of these subtle structural variations are known to be crucial for both the virulence of the tubercle bacillus and the permeability of the mycobacterial cell envelope. We report here the structural characterization of the enzyme Hma (MmaA4), a SAM-MT that is unique in catalyzing the introduction of a methyl branch together with an adjacent hydroxyl group essential for the formation of both keto- and methoxymycolates in M. tuberculosis. Despite the high propensity of Hma to proteolytic degradation, the enzyme was produced and crystallized, and its three-dimensional structure in the apoform and in complex with S-adenosylmethionine was solved to about 2 A. Thestructuresshowtheimportantroleplayedbythemodificationsfound within mycolic acid SAM-MTs, especially thealpha2-alpha3 motif and the chemical environment of the active site. Essential information with respect to cofactor and substrate binding, selectivity and specificity, and about the mechanism of catalytic reaction were derived.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Département Mécanismes Moléculaires des Infections Mycobactériennes, Institut de Pharmacologie et de Biologie Structurale du CNRS et de l'Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
methoxy mycolic acid synthase 4A318Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37RvMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: mmaA4 (Rv0642c)mmaA4hmamma4Rv0642c
EC: 2.1.1
UniProt
Find proteins for Q79FX8 (Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv))
Explore Q79FX8 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q79FX8
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ79FX8
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.232 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 56.715α = 90
b = 56.715β = 90
c = 206.22γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-01-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-22
    Changes: Database references