2F1F

Crystal structure of the regulatory subunit of acetohydroxyacid synthase isozyme III from E. coli


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.171 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.174 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of the Regulatory Subunit of Acetohydroxyacid Synthase Isozyme III from Escherichia coli.

Kaplun, A.Vyazmensky, M.Zherdev, Y.Belenky, I.Slutzker, A.Mendel, S.Barak, Z.Chipman, D.M.Shaanan, B.

(2006) J Mol Biol 357: 951-963

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2005.12.077
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2F1F

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The enzyme acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) catalyses the first common step in the biosynthesis of the three branched-chain amino acids. Enzymes in the AHAS family generally consist of regulatory and catalytic subunits. Here, we describe the first cr ...

    The enzyme acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) catalyses the first common step in the biosynthesis of the three branched-chain amino acids. Enzymes in the AHAS family generally consist of regulatory and catalytic subunits. Here, we describe the first crystal structure of an AHAS regulatory subunit, the ilvH polypeptide, determined at a resolution of 1.75 A. IlvH is the regulatory subunit of one of three AHAS isozymes expressed in Escherichia coli, AHAS III. The protein is a dimer, with two beta alpha beta beta alpha beta ferredoxin domains in each monomer. The two N-terminal domains assemble to form an ACT domain structure remarkably close to the one predicted by us on the basis of the regulatory domain of 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (3PGDH). The two C-terminal domains combine so that their beta-sheets are roughly positioned back-to-back and perpendicular to the extended beta-sheet of the N-terminal ACT domain. On the basis of the properties of mutants and a comparison with 3PGDH, the effector (valine) binding sites can be located tentatively in two symmetrically related positions in the interface between a pair of N-terminal domains. The properties of mutants of the ilvH polypeptide outside the putative effector-binding site provide further insight into the functioning of the holoenzyme. The results of this study open avenues for further studies aimed at understanding the mechanism of regulation of AHAS by small-molecule effectors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Acetolactate synthase isozyme III small subunitAB164Escherichia coliMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ilvHbrnP
EC: 2.2.1.6
Find proteins for P00894 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P00894 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00894
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
P33
Query on P33

Download CCD File 
B
3,6,9,12,15,18-HEXAOXAICOSANE-1,20-DIOL
C14 H30 O8
XPJRQAIZZQMSCM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
1PE
Query on 1PE

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A
PENTAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C10 H22 O6
JLFNLZLINWHATN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.171 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.174 
  • Space Group: I 4
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 98.6α = 90
b = 98.6β = 90
c = 80γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALEdata scaling
SHARPphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-01-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Changes: Refinement description