2ES3

Crystal Structure of Thrombospondin-1 N-terminal Domain in P1 Form at 1.85A Resolution


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Heparin-induced cis- and trans-Dimerization Modes of the Thrombospondin-1 N-terminal Domain.

Tan, K.Duquette, M.Liu, J.H.Shanmugasundaram, K.Joachimiak, A.Gallagher, J.T.Rigby, A.C.Wang, J.H.Lawler, J.

(2008) J Biol Chem 283: 3932-3941

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M705203200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2ES3, 2OUH, 2OUJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Through its interactions with proteins and proteoglycans, thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) functions at the interface of the cell membrane and the extracellular matrix to regulate matrix structure and cellular phenotype. We have previously determined the structure of the high affinity heparin-binding domain of TSP-1, designated TSPN-1, in association with the synthetic heparin, Arixtra ...

    Through its interactions with proteins and proteoglycans, thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) functions at the interface of the cell membrane and the extracellular matrix to regulate matrix structure and cellular phenotype. We have previously determined the structure of the high affinity heparin-binding domain of TSP-1, designated TSPN-1, in association with the synthetic heparin, Arixtra. To establish that the binding of TSPN-1 to Arixtra is representative of the association with naturally occurring heparins, we have determined the structures of TSPN-1 in complex with heparin oligosaccharides containing eight (dp8) and ten (dp10) subunits, by x-ray crystallography. We have found that dp8 and dp10 bind to TSPN-1 in a manner similar to Arixtra and that dp8 and dp10 induce the formation of trans and cis TSPN-1 dimers, respectively. In silico docking calculations partnered with our crystal structures support the importance of arginine residues in positions 29, 42, and 77 in binding sulfate groups of the dp8 and dp10 forms of heparin. The ability of several TSPN-1 domains to bind to glycosaminoglycans simultaneously probably increases the affinity of binding through multivalent interactions. The formation of cis and trans dimers of the TSPN-1 domain with relatively short segments of heparin further enhances the ability of TSP-1 to participate in high affinity binding to glycosaminoglycans. Dimer formation may also involve TSPN-1 domains from two separate TSP-1 molecules. This association would enable glycosaminoglycans to cluster TSP-1.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thrombospondin-1A, B209Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: THBS1TSPTSP1
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P07996 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P07996 
Go to UniProtKB:  P07996
PHAROS:  P07996
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 40.024α = 73.63
b = 41.709β = 89.59
c = 59.986γ = 75.73
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-10-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-02-12
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance