2E2F

Solution structure of DSP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 25 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The structure of a novel insect peptide explains its Ca2+ channel blocking and antifungal activities

Kouno, T.Mizuguchi, M.Tanaka, H.Yang, P.Mori, Y.Shinoda, H.Unoki, K.Aizawa, T.Demura, M.Suzuki, K.Kawano, K.

(2007) Biochemistry 46: 13733-13741

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi701319t
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2E2F

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Diapause-specific peptide (DSP), derived from the leaf beetle, inhibits Ca2+ channels and has antifungal activity. DSP acts on chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla in a fashion similar to that of omega-conotoxin GVIA, a well-known neurotoxic peptide, and blocks N-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels ...

    Diapause-specific peptide (DSP), derived from the leaf beetle, inhibits Ca2+ channels and has antifungal activity. DSP acts on chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla in a fashion similar to that of omega-conotoxin GVIA, a well-known neurotoxic peptide, and blocks N-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels. However, the amino acid sequence of DSP has little homology with any other known Ca2+ channel blockers or antifungal peptides. In this paper, we analyzed the solution structure of DSP by using two-dimensional 1H nuclear magnetic resonance and determined the pairing of half-cystine residues forming disulfide bonds. The arrangement of the three disulfide bridges in DSP was distinct from that of other antifungal peptides and conotoxins. The overall structure of DSP is compact due in part to the three disulfide bridges and, interestingly, is very similar to those of the insect- and plant-derived antifungal peptides. On the other hand, the disulfide arrangement and the three-dimensional structure of DSP and GVIA are not similar. Nevertheless, some surface residues of DSP superimpose on the key functional residues of GVIA. This homologous distribution of hydrophobic and charged side chains may result in the functional similarity between DSP and GVIA. Thus, we propose here that the three-dimensional structure of DSP can explain its dual function as a Ca2+ channel blocker and antifungal peptide.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, Toyama 930-0194, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DiapausinA41Gastrophysa atrocyaneaMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q8T0W8 (Gastrophysa atrocyanea)
Explore Q8T0W8 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8T0W8
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 25 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • OLDERADO: 2E2F Olderado

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2007-11-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2020-02-26
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Other